Over the years animation has been at the pinpoint of entertainment for people of all ages during its development many groups and individuals have helped shape what animation is today. From the techniques of past pioneers modern day animators have used their style and techniques to produce the animation we see today.
The Lumiére Bros
The first true pioneers were the Lumiére bro’s the sons of a famous portrait painter Antoine Lumiére from the 1800s. Their father then opened a company which produced photographic equipment with his sons as his employees. While working the two brothers then discovered the ‘Dry plate’ process of photography in 1881 at the young age of 17. This in turn boosted their father’s company massively and by 1894 they were producing around 15 million plates a year for the company. Due to this popularity Antoine was invited to a demonstration of Edison’s Peephole Kinescope in Paris. A kinescope is a device that allowed people to view pictures on a moving speal to give the illusion that it is moving similar flip books that people use to make animation. Antoine then brought some Kinescope film for his sons, and told them to reproduce this into something great, as producers wanted to make films in France. The brothers than began development of the kinescope in the winter, 1894. However after many months of trying to replicate the device the brothers realised There was too many issues with Edison’ Kinescope that had to be solved for example the camera being too bulky and heavy and the fact that it could only be viewed by one person at a time. So In early 1895 the brothers invented their own device for filming called a Cinématographe which was a combination of a camera, printer and a projector;. It was smaller than Edison’s first initial design as it was lightweight, made less noise and was operated by a hand crank. Due to this massive advancement in