Outcome 2 Understand the factors that influence children and young people’s development and how these affect practice. 2.1Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by range of personal factors.
We know that things such as eyes and skin colour aswell as height are inherited. Some medical conditions and disabilities can also be inherited. These can affect the child or young person’s development and below is a list of how a medical condition can affect a child or young person. Physical Limitations – Some medical conditions mean certain physical activities may not be possible. This may mean that a child or young person needs an activity adapted to suit their needs. It may also mean that certain skills are harder to develop. Tiredness – Some medical conditions can make a child or young person tired. This may mean that they have less energy to play and concentrate, so they may find it harder to control their behaviour. Absence – Some children or young people will need to spend more time at home, in hospital or have frequent medical appointment. This may mean that they are absent from the setting, which can affect the child or young person’s ability to make friends. Children and young people may also miss out on certain learning activities. In schools, there is a danger that a child or young person may fall behind with their learning. Confidence –Children and young people like to feel that they are the same as others, living with a medical condition may make the child or young person feel that they are different. This can cause the child or young person to lose confidence, although adults should try to find ways to help the child or young person feel independent. Disability and sensory impairments, for example loss of sigh or hearing can delay development in some children and young people. This is because an essential part of the whole picture of development may be missing. If you think about how important hearing speech is before a child or young person can talk, it isn’t surprising that communication skills may be delayed. Multi-agency Child Development Centres work with children and young people who have some form of a disability to help promote their development. 2.2Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors. Children and young people’s development can be influenced by a number of different factors. It’s important that you have an awareness of many of these as possible as you will need to know how children and young people will be affected and encourage them to participate and develop as far as possible. These external factors could include;
A child or young person’s family and background environment: Children and young people will come from a range of different family environments, culture and circumstances. Many families will go through many significant changes during the child or young person’s years at school, some of these the school are even aware of. These changes may include a family break up, introduction of a new partner, moving house or country, bereavement, illness. Any one of these factors could affect a child or young person’s emotional aswell as intellectual development. You may notice a change in the child or young person’s behaviour and ability to learn. Poverty and deprivation: Poverty and deprivation is more likely to have a significant effect on the child or young person’s development. With statistics showing that children and young people who come from a deprived background are less likely to thrive and achieve at school as their parents are more likely to find it difficult to manage the child or young person’s needs. This will in turn impact on all aspects of their development. These will all affect the ways in which the child or young person are able to respond to different situations. Personal choices: The personal choices of a child or young person will affect their development as they...
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