1) Understand the concepts of creativity and creative learning and how these affect all aspects of young children’s learning and development.
1.1) Analyse the differences between creative learning and creativity?
Creative learning is about helping children develop problem solving skills and imaginative thinking. It is about giving the children opportunities to make connections and apply them. Creative learning can be in heuristic play, exploration of material and objects as well as problem solving and imaginative thinking.
Whereas creativity is about helping children to find ways to express themselves through the arts, exploring emotion and self-expression. The focus of creativity is about enjoying and learning through the process of creating the end product. The children can show creativity through music, role-play, small world play, designing, painting/drawing, modelling, craft and creative movement.
1.2) Explain current theoretical approaches to creativity and creative learning in early childhood?
There are currently several different theoretical approaches that aim to explain creativity and creative learning:
Cognitive theories- Involved in the way in which children make associations and connections between things. These theories focus on the way in which the brain processes information. A child could look at a tube and, while concentrating on its shape; they make a connection between it and a rocket.
Role modelling- These approaches look at the way that children learn from watching and being adults who are being creative. In the terms of working with children, this would mean showing in the way we work and think that we can be creative through being flexible, problem-solving etc…
Lateral thinking- Edward De Bono proposed that creative thinking needed to be planned and organised. However this style has been criticised as being too ‘logical’ by others including Robert Stemberg.