Outcome 1 – Know how to interact with and respond to children and young people
There are many different things that are very important in making respectful and professional relationships with children. It is extremely important to praise and encourage children when communicating with them, this lets them know when they have done something well and will encourage them to try their best and do well as much as they can. Praising can be verbal, in the form of a sticker or merit, certificates or a prize. Younger children often find it easier to speak rather than listen when communicating, however it is important that they learn to be patient and be respectful of others when they are speaking, if an adult models this to them then they are more likely to copy and learn this behaviour. Non-verbal communication can often be very useful and effective within a classroom environment. Teaching assistants especially may use gestures instead of vocabulary as it means they can communicate with the children without disturbing the teacher or the rest of the children, something as simple as eye contact and a frown will tell the student that they are doing something wrong, they have been noticed and that they need to stop. When speaking to children it is always better to be at their level as standing over them can often intimidate them, it is important to keep distance but ensure they know they are being listened too.
0-3 years – Children of this age are still very dependent on adults for a number of tasks, such as, getting dressed, feeding and bathing. When you are working with children of this age it is very important to only have contact with them when it is absolutely necessary, for example, when a child goes to the toilet they may need help cleaning themselves up afterwards and putting the trousers back on, when helping a child with this you must keep the toilet doors