E1 – Explain the needs of families, which may require professional support
Adequate housing is very important for families. All houses should be safe for the children and rest of the family living in the house but also needs to have proper heating to keep the family warm, space for children to play and crawl. A home should also include a bathroom with a toilet and either a shower or bath for family members to wash. There should also be a separate kitchen and cooking area, which includes proper storage for food, and also cooking equipment that is clean and safe to use. A home should also have some privacy for family members.
“A home is a place that provides security, privacy, decent living conditions and links to a community. A home must be suitable to the needs of its residents – providing adequate space, affordable costs and linked support where necessary.” (www.england.shelter.org.uk/campaigns) (29/01/14, 12:36)
Adequate money is also important to meet a family’s needs. A family needs to be able to afford heating, gas and electricity bills, and also for transport for family members. They also need to be able to afford for clothes, food and drink for all family members. Household resources such as new cooking equipment also need to be bought so families need to be able to budget all this money suitably and appropriately.
Finally, there should be adequate leisure facilities around the home area for family members to get some space and to also meet friends. These can include parks, swimming pools, adventure playgrounds and cinemas. All these places will be able to offer family members get out of the family home for alone time or to meet friends and other family members.
E2 – Explain the issues, which may lead to stress in families
There are a lot of issues which can lead to stress in families. One of these can be money problems, meaning that the family do not have enough money to pay for necessities such as food, drink, heating and electricity. Having money problems can be caused by parents and family members not working, and therefore not having money to pay for basic supplies. This can cause the children in the families going to school with dirty or ripped clothes. The child could also go into the setting having not had breakfast or much to eat the night before. Practitioners in the setting can set up breakfast clubs for the children with families from poorer backgrounds so they can have breakfast and a drink, and also a suitable lunch. Children from poorer backgrounds may also be bullied by other children because they have ripped or dirty clothes, or old shoes. Practitioners should always watch the children and make sure that none of the children in the setting are being bullied, and are all being treated equally.
Another issue which can cause stress in a family can be not having adequate housing. This can involve a family not having suitable living conditions, such as damp walls or rooms, not enough space for children to have privacy, and there not being any heating or electricity, meaning the house is cold, damp and dark. Children may also not have access to an outdoor area, or if there was an outdoor area, it could be dangerous and not safe for children to play.
A family member may also be under the influence of drugs and alcohol, resulting in the family member spending any money they have on drugs and alcohol and not on housing bills, food and drink or new clothing. The children living in the house, can also experience that family member being aggressive when under the influence of drugs or alcohol. With a child at a setting who has a family member who is under the influence of drugs, then that parent may not attend meetings about that child, or turn up late when dropping and picking up the child from the setting. Practitioners should make sure that there is always someone in the room with them at all times when children are being picked up or dropped off, also practitioners cannot let a...
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