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Unit 2 Compare And Contrast Relapse Prevention

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Unit 2 Compare And Contrast Relapse Prevention
Compare and contrast relapse prevention strategies in recovery from smoking

Smoking is one of the high-risk influences on human beings. According to World Health Organization (2013), 6 millions of smokers who killed by tobacco each year in the worldwide, and more than five million adults dead by smoking-related causes. A brief statistics shows that causing approximately 36% of deaths from lung diseases, 28% of deaths from cancers and 14% of deaths from heart diseases (Action on Smoking and Health, 2013). Meanwhile, it is a fact that issues about smokers who have quit smoking, but who, within a short period, return to smoking again have aroused widespread concerns. Therefore, researchers are paying increasing attention to preventive approaches
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Aversion therapy, a psychological treatment, is different from behavioural approach, which is to use electric shock treatments or other unpleasant stimulation to make people feel negative experience of smoking. This is supposed to assist people from smoking again. For example, according to Lowe (cited in Hajek, 2011) reported that covert sensitization or symbolic aversion causes negative aversive consequences of smoking, include nausea and vomiting, and the relief following putting out the cigarette. Additionally, exercise, a specific behavioural therapy of smoking cessation, is used to help “people give up smoking by moderating nicotine withdrawal and cravings, and by helping to manage” (Ussher, Taylor, & Faulkner, 2012). Taking regular exercise could may aid people avoid to return to smoking in long-term treatment. According to Ussher et al. (2012), “the exercise component more than doubled the likelihood of not smoking after 12 months”. Compare with aversion therapy and exercise, they have significant and specific effect on smokers who want to stop smoking, however, in some cases, it is possible that these interventions should combined with other smoking cessation

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