UNIT 2 ASSIGNMENT: HAZARD, RISK AND VULNERABILITY
Unit 2 Assignment 2
Hazards, Risks and Vulnerabilities
Hazard, Risk and Vulnerability are individual terms that have different meanings but all three are used in the assessment of disasters. These three concepts can be used to create an analysis to better prepare an agency, community and individual to mitigate the undesired outcomes. The Federal Emergency Management Agency calls this analysis a Hazard, Vulnerability Analysis and Risk Assessment. The analysis and assessment will assist the organization properly prepare for the hazards, identify the risks and mitigate the vulnerabilities.
A hazard is “a potentially damaging physical event, phenomenon or human activity, which may cause the loss of life or injury, property …show more content…
In a HazMat scene, an individual or team may be vulnerable to the hazard if they are within close proximity to the chemical or biological agent especially if personal protective equipment are not worn or properly applied. Physical vulnerabilities consist of damage to homes, buildings and health. Social vulnerabilities are the secondary impacts to lives during and after a disaster such as displaced families, coping mechanisms and loss of income and livelihood. Vulnerability can be reduced with an appropriate vulnerability assessment and rapid response plan from a federal government entity such as FEMA. During the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, the vulnerability level was at its highest due to the lack of preparation and planning for such a disaster and recovery