Unit 2 Analysis

Topics: Scientific method, Critical thinking, Science Pages: 4 (559 words) Published: April 5, 2015


Unit 2 Analysis: Social Inquiry
All types of research are based on assumptions of how others see the world and how they can best come to comprehend that perception. This being said, social inquiry may be based on the everyday assumptions that the world makes when researching all things. While there is that similarity, there are many differences Scientific inquiry is a means of acquiring an explanation of an inquiry in the natural world by analyzing, studying and assembling data that will either confirm or disprove your initial hypothesis. “Although closely related to science processes, scientific inquiry extends beyond the mere development of process skills such as observing, inferring, classifying, predicting, measuring, questioning, interpreting and analyzing data. Scientific inquiry includes the traditional science processes, but also refers to the combining of these processes with scientific knowledge, scientific reasoning and critical thinking to develop scientific knowledge.” (Lederman, 2003, n.p.) Assumptions are non-scientific inquiries which does not utilize an organized assembly of data or proof. It is also the type of inquiry that does not try to uncover responses to inquiries about things other than the natural world, such as beliefs or opinions. However, assumptions are used in scientific inquiries in the form of forming hypothesis. Both work together in some ways, but contradict each other in others. Claims being made in scientific inquiries come from the researcher’s curiosity about any subject they are researching or testing. That claim is the answer to the question that the researcher has posed in the research documentation. Evidence and reasoning are used to back up the claim being made. Claims in assumptions come from a researcher’s beliefs or opinions about a particular situation or subject which they may feel strongly or inadequately. In many cases, the claim of assumption is the question with which the researcher will use scientific...


References: Brunsell, E. (2012, September 25). Designing Science Inquiry: Claim Evidence Reasoning = Explanation. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
Erasmus, E. (2012, March 9). Fundamental Assumptions In Conducting Scientific Inquiry. Retrieved March 31, 2015, from http://www.slideshare.net/e.erasmus/fundamental-assumptions-in-conducting-scientific-inquiry
Sweeney Lederman, D. (2003, January 1). Teaching Scientific Inquiry: Exploration, Directed, Guided, and Opened-Ended Levels. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
What is the difference between a scientific inquiry and non-scientific inquiry? (n.d.). Retrieved March 31, 2015, from http://www.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_difference_between_a_scientific_inquiry_and_non-scientific_inquiry
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