Age range 1 – birth to 3 years Physical Development
At birth the child will need a lot of care. The child will not be able to do anything for themselves they have primitive reflexes such as sucking. By the time the child is 7 months they will be able to move their head on their own, and have stronger muscles they will be able to sit up without being held. The child might not be able to roll over or sit up from lying down yet.
By 1 year the child should have learned to focus their vision, the child should be learning to walk by this age, some children will be able to walk on their own and other children may have to hold on to furniture to keep them stood up. The child would be able to hold things in the hand and pass the object from hand to hand.
By 2 years the toddler should be able to follow simple directions. They should be able to balance well and run and jump without falling over. They should be able to sort different objects by shape and colour. They should also be able to copy adult’s actions and express a wide range of emotions.
By 3 years the toddler should be able to name different colours. They should have good balance and be able to hop. They should be able to say some words and be able to have a simple conversation. A 3 year old child should find it easy to pedal and steer a tricycle. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/childdevelopment/positiveparenting/toddlers2.html (2)
Age range 2 birth to 3 years – communication and language
At birth babies are not able to communicate with others through language, however they are communicating through gestures, sounds such as babbling and expressions, for example when they are hungry or the need their nappy changing they will cry and the parents will know what the child needs.
By the time the babies are 3 months old they start to imitate the sounds they hear from other people. They will be close to saying words