1.1 The main principle underlying any person-centred approach to care or support is that the individual plays a central role. Person-centred values are rights, individuality, respect, dignity, partnership, independence, privacy and choice.
1.2 For many decades the medical model of disability was the dominant influence on attitudes in society towards disability, but applying person-centred approach in all aspects of health and social care work particularly in relation to vulnerable individual’s means that vulnerable individuals are no longer hidden away and separated from society. Equal rights have led to improved access to education, employment and all aspects of life. Person-centred approaches are about sharing power and focus on who the person is, who the important people are in their lives and what they can do together to achieve a better life for the future.
1.3 The care plan presents a key opportunity for developing a person-centred approach. This can be achieved by involving the individual at every step to ensure it reflects their individuality. The person-centred care plan will include individuals views about their needs and circumstances, interests, likes, dislikes, priorities, strengths, ideas about how they want their life to be, ideas about how to have their needs met and support network- people who are important to and contribute to their life.
2.1 Individuals who require care or support are often described only by the labels that accompany them. Working in a person-centred way means placing the individual at the centre of thinking and activities. Finding out about an individual’s life, their experiences, culture and values will help to understand what is important to them, their likes and dislikes. It may also provide important information to help understand how past experiences have influenced their current behaviour.
2.2 When the situation is complex or sensitive it