Sequence is the order that development happens in.
Rate is the speed that it happens.
e.g.: sequence = a baby’s physical development may begin with rolling over then sit up, crawl, walk, run. Another may sit up, walk, run missing out rolling over & crawling. Even though elements are missed the development still proceeds in what’s viewed as an expected pattern. rate = where one baby may achieve walking unaided at 10 months another may accomplish it at 12 months another at 16 months.
It’s important to know the difference between the sequence and rate of development as it helps to meet the children’s individual needs. It helps you recognise if any children have special educational needs and helps you plan to make sure they are getting the help and support they may need.
2. Explain how children and young people's development is influenced by a range of external factors
Poor Health - Not having a varied range of good quality food or nutrition available. Limited access if any to medical treatments/supplies.
Appearance/Personal Hygiene - Not having the appropriate or necessary items, to keep appearances or hygiene to an acceptable level.
Poor Education - Unable to attend school, truancy, unable to afford resources both in and out of school i.e. at home therefore not encouraging the child or young person to progress in their development away from school.
Crime - High levels of crime may surround the child. This could influence the child to be involved within crime.
Social Skills - Poor social skills due to environment, poor education.
Cramped Housing - May share a room with several other children, this can lead to cramped spaces for children, not enough room to play, no personal space, no room to develop.
EDUCATION, AFTER SCHOOL CLUBS, PARENT INVOLVEMENT, BOARDING SCHOOLS
Family environment and background