Unit code: CYP Core 3.1
Unit reference number: L/601/1693
QCF level: 3
Credit value: 4
1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years
The sequence of development of a child and young person is divided into five different aspects. They include: Physical, social, communication, intellectual and cognitive, emotional and behavioural and moral development.
Since every child develops at a different rate compared to one another, this is a rough guide to a child’s development and gives general information mainly about the sequence of development.
The physical aspect mainly consists of the development of the motor skills. Physical growth and development follows the sequence from head to toe and from simple to complex. The gross motor skills develop before the fine motor skills.
0-3 years: In the first three years the physical growth and development is usually very fast. From birth the baby has several reflexes that cause the muscles to move. The baby will grasp an object that touches the hand, turn its head, sucks and swallows, makes stepping moves when held upright over a flat surface. Development of locomotion in the first three years: the first thing a baby will try is to raise its shoulders and head. The baby can move its head and limps from birth. From around 4 months the child will start rolling over and from 6/7 months it will be able to sit up and play with the hands. From 7-11 months the baby may have started to crawl and attempt to stand and walk by himself. The child has more control over its body. Between the age of 1 and 2 the walking will begin and it will push and pull toys while walking. This develops into running and jumping. Around the age of three most children are able to walk around easily and start hopping, jumping and climbing the stairs. Some children are able to ride a tricycle. The fine motor skills will have