Unit 082 Promote Creativity and Creative Learning in Young Children.
Outcome 1: Understand the concepts of creativity and creative learning and how these affect all aspects of young children’s learning and development. 1. Analyse the differences between creative learning and creativity.
Creativity involves being imaginative and original. Creative learning is about problem solving. Creative Learning:
Creative learning is about how children are actively involved in their own learning and ability to make choices and decisions. This can be achieved through providing a creative environment allowing exploration through play and praising creative efforts. Creativity is about risk taking and making connections, allowing children to explore and express themselves through a variety of media or materials including, dance, music, making things, drawing, painting and make believe and to make new things emerge as a result. Being creative is strongly linked to play and can emerge through a child being absorbed in their own actions and ideas. Creative learning involves innovation, control, relevance and ownership, which are also characteristics of creative teaching. Creative learning involves investigating, discovering, inventing and cooperating. Creative learning among education professionals is widely understood to be characterised by:
● questioning and challenging
● making connections and seeing relationships
● envisaging what might be
● exploring ideas and keeping options open
● reflecting critically on ideas, actions and outcomes. (Ofsted, 2010; p.8)
We can all be creative if we are given the opportunity. The National Advisory Committee on Creative and Cultural Education (NACCCE) gives the following definition of the four characteristics of creativity:
* thinking or behaving imaginatively
* the imaginative activity is purposeful; it is directed to achieving an objective
* these processes must generate something original
* the outcome must be of value in relation to the objective.
Creativity is about seeing things in a new way and putting ideas together differently, so that a new idea emerges. It depends on the imagination – the images inside your head. Creativity is about bringing those ideas out of your head and making them more tangible. They do not always take form sufficiently to become a creation, because many creative ideas are abandoned along the way. The child formulating those ideas becomes distracted, loses focus, is constrained or stopped from carrying the creative process through.
2. Explain current theoretical approaches to creativity and creative learning in early childhood. There are different theoretical approaches that aim to explain creativity and creative learning. Nature or Nurture: Are some children naturally creative or is creativity something that can be nurtured. Cognitive theories: These theories focus on the way in which the brain processes information. Cognitive theories suggest that we need to provide plenty of first hand experiences for children in order that they can develop knowledge and draw on their own experiences. Social models: These theories focus on the environment that the children are in and the role of adults within it. It therefore means that is the environment and the experiences that the children are given to be creative. Cultural Approaches: These approaches suggest that all children can be creative but that this can be suppressed or enhanced depending on how supportive the environment is. Role Modelling: Children learn from watching and being with adults who are being creative. Creativity as a Process- These theories look at how new ideas emerge. One of the earliest theories was put forward by Graham Walla who proposed a five stage model. Preparation- initial thoughts about a problem. Incubation- time spent thinking unconsciously about the problem. Intimation- an awareness that an answer is within gasp. Insight-...
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