Union Carbide's Bhopal Disaster
In 1984, as if in a nightmare, a cloud of poison gas reached out and snuffed the lives of thousands of people in the sleeping city of Bhopal, India. The residents awoke to a terrible disaster, a chemical explosion whose memory could never be erased. At the center of the tragedy was the Union Carbide pesticide plant, and surrounding the accident were doubts and accusations of negligence and unethical practices. The Disaster
On December 3, 1984, one of the world's worst chemical disasters occurred at the Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India. Forty tons of vaporous methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas exploded, releasing a toxic mixture of MIC, hydrogen cyanide, monomethyl amine, carbon monoxide, and possibly 20 other lethal chemicals into the air. At least 3,000 people died, and estimates of injuries ranged from 20,000 to 300,000 people (Hedges, 2000, para. 3). The people of Bhopal referred to it as "The Devils' Night." In the aftermath, there were 70 funeral pyres 25 bodies high, all burning together. Mass graves overflowed, and babies died in hospitals that reported a death every minute. Animal carcasses were all over, as were the flies and vultures. Leaves on trees shriveled; crops were scorched; milk spoiled; and ponds grew scummy. "Everywhere sounded the wails of grieving relatives, moans of survivors in pain and cries of hungry children" (Lang, 1984, paras. 3-4, 23). It was a tragedy of immeasurable proportions.
The Role of Ethics in the Disaster
Immediately after the disaster, accusations arose about U.S. corporations endangering the Third World "in a callous search for profits" (Lang, 1984, para. 17). Many argued that dangerous chemical plants were being placed in very densely populated areas around the world (Lang, 1984, para. 19). Tragically, the people of Bhopal were unprepared for a chemical disaster (Newton & Dillingham, 2002, pp. 92-93). The Indian government charged Union Carbide and its senior executives with...
References: Hedges, C. (2000, March 5). A key figure proves elusive in a u.s. suit over bhopal. The New York Times, p. 4. Retrieved January 25, 2004 from ProQuest Direct database (ProQuest Historical Newspapers Collection) on the World Wide Web: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb
Herrick, T. (2003, October 3). Ads aim to fix bad chemistry; U.s. chemical industry considers a campaign to clean up its image. The Wall Street Journal Europe, p. A.7. Retrieved January 27, 2004 from ProQuest Direct database ("union carbide" bhopal) on the World Wide Web: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb
Lang, J.S. (1984, December 17). India 's tragedy – a warning heard round the world. U.S. News and World Report 97, pp. 25-26. Retrieved January 27, 2004 from InfoTrac OneFile database (All Collections) on the World Wide Web: http://web3.infotrac.galegroup.com/itw/infomark
New security vulnerability analysis tools available online. (2004). Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association. Retrieved January 25, 2004 from the World Wide Web: http://www.socma.com/Products/VulnerabilityAnalysis.htm
Newton, L.H., & Dillingham, C.K. (2002). Watersheds 3: ten cases in environmental ethics. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning
Overview of responsible care. (2004). Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association. Retrieved January 25, 2004 from the World Wide Web: http://www.socma.com/ResponsibleCare/index.htm
Weir, D. (1987). The Bhopal syndrome: Pesticides, environment and health. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document