ETHICS AND FIQH FOR EVERYDAY LIFE
MOHD AZWAN BIN JUPERI
ASSOC. PROF. DR.HANAPI MOHD NOR
1) Explore a question of moral right and it would be addressed by islam and by ethical system based on secularism.
Islam and Secularism.
Saudi scholars denounce secularism as strictly prohibited in Islamic tradition. The Saudi Arabian Directorate of Ifta', Preaching and Guidance, has issued a directive decreeing that whoever believes that there is a guidance (huda) more perfect than that of the Prophet, or that someone else's rule is better than his is a kafir.
It lists a number of specific tenets which would be regarded as a serious departure from the precepts of Islam, punishable according to Islamic law. For example: • The belief that human made laws and constitutions are superior to the Shari'a. • The opinion that Islam is limited to one's relation with God, and has nothing to do with the daily affairs of life. • To disapprove of the application of the hudud (legal punishments decreed by God) that they are incompatible in the modern age. • And whoever allows what God has prohibited is a kafir.
In the words of Tariq al-Bishri, "secularism and Islam cannot agree except by means of talfiq or by each turning away from its true meaning."
Islamic ethics defined as "good character," historically took shape gradually from the 7th century and was finally established by the 11th century. It was eventually shaped as a successful amalgamation of the Qur'anic teachings, the teachings of the Sunnah of Muhammad, the precedents of Islamic jurists (see Sharia and Fiqh), the pre-Islamic Arabian tradition, and non-Arabic elements (including Persian and Greek ideas) embedded in or integrated with a generally Islamic structure.Although Muhammad's preaching produced a "radical change in moral values based on the sanctions of the new religion and the present religion, and fear of God and of the Last Judgment", the tribal