Unfair treatment of the Native Americans- the Cherokee Nation
Throughout the 19th century Native Americans were treated far less then respectful by the United States’ government. This was the time when the United States wanted to expand and grow rapidly as a land, and to achieve this goal, the Native Americans were “pushed” westward. It was a memorable and tricky time in the Natives’ history. The US government made many treatments with the Native Americans, making big changes on the Indian nation. Native Americans wanted to live peacefully with the white men, but the result of treatments and agreements was not quite peaceful. In this essay I will explain why and how the Native Americans were treated by the United States’ government, in which way were the treaties broken and how the Native nation were affected by the 19th century happenings. I will focus mostly on the Cherokee Indians.
During the 1750s and 1760s there were several conflicts between the British and French nations. This Great War of Empire or the Seven years War took place in the Carolinas and it was known as the Cherokee War between 1756 and 1763. Europeans were struggling for North America in the 18th century, and each of them controlled a land in America: Florida was controlled by the Spanish, Canada and Louisiana was occupied by the French, and the British held the Atlantic seaboard. Europeans wanted to convince Indians to help them with the fight for North America, especially British and French competed for Cherokee allegiance. It turned out that Cherokees were helping the English at the beginning of the Seven Years War. In this way, the Cherokees were continually attacked by the French allies: the Choctaw and Iroquois. Because of these attacks, Cherokees asked the British to protect their families and homes by building forts. In 1756 Governor Glen of South Carolina agreed to build two forts for the Cherokees: the first one built on Savannah River is Fort Prince George, and the second one...
References: Grace Steele Woodward, “The Cherokees”, University of Oklahoma Press: Norman and London, (1988)
Theda Perdue, “The Cherokee” (Frank W.Porter III General Editor, University of Kentucky, New York, Philadelphia, 1989
Ncpedia, William L. Anderson and Ruth Y. Wetmore:Cherokee Indians, part 4, 2006 (accessed 01.06.2013.) http://ncpedia.org/cherokee/revolutionarywar
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