top-rated free essay


By zuhaibchachar Dec 12, 2012 785 Words

Unemployment is defined as when a person is available to work and seeking work but currently without work.
Unemployment is one of the most important social problem of not only Pakistan but the problem of all over the world.
Unemployment is a central problem of Pakistan because when
unemployment is high, resources are wasted and people’s incomes are depressed; during such periods, economics distress also spills over to affect people’s emotions and family lives. The socio economics system of Pakistan and institutions has failed to provide employment to the increasing labor force. Labor force include all persons who are of ten years and above , and during the period are without work, currently available for work and seeking for work. About 2.4 million persons of labor force were estimated as unemployed in 1999, as construction and transport sectors have an absorbed 11.2 percent, 6.8 and 5.7 percent as compared to 10.5percent, 7.2 and 5.0 percent respectively in 1994- 1995

It is a general perception that the ratio of unemployment is greater in rural areas. This perception is supported by the fact that rural areas have less to offer as in urban areas industrial sector overcomes this drawback. But as trade and industry require skilled man power and people migrating from rural places to urban cities lack required skills thus this increases unemployment in cities as well. This is when unemployment demonstrates its adverse economic impact.


There are different causes due to which unemployment occurs.. 1- white collar job
2- lack of education
3- overpopulation
4- smuggling
5- market scope
6- references
7- economy slow down
8- political instability
9- lack of industries
10-Poor job performance.

1- Over population…

The first and the most common cause of not only the
unemployment but the cause of many other social problems are over population. It causes poverty, inflation, unemployment, e.t.c. It cause unemployment because if there are more people and less opportunities so their need will fulfilled and if there are limited job requirement and a large numbers of spectators so how will every one become employed so over population cause unemployment..

2- Lack of Education…

Our educational system is also responsible for increasing
unemployment rate among the educated youth. The attitude of our youth towards the choice of a career is unrealistic and unproductive. Rapid mechanization and computer technology also causing unemployment.

3- white collar jobs.

White collar job means the respectable and honorable job. Now a day every one want to have these kinds of jobs but these jobs are very less in number so every one can not get these jobs and they do not want to get other unrespectable jobs and they remain unemployed.


In our country smuggling is also causing unemployment because the smuggled product have low price as compare to those things which are produce in the industries and due to which the sale of produced product is decrease and if the sale is decreased so the producer is producing less numbers of products then there is no need of allot of workers so it cause unemployment.

5-Market scope…

Main issue of unemployment in our country is that when ever a new technology comes as software or hardware then all the people starts studying about that and search the scope of market. Then at the end, you will see ten thousand students of a particular field about 5 to 10 job vacancies


Now a days in our countries most of the jobs are reference based jobs so any common man who have no reference can not get a good job and he will not accept the unrespectable job and remain unemployed.

7-Economy slow down…

If our economy is getting slower and slower so it means we are not producing well and have less sales and if the sales are less so owner will not able to pay wages to all hiss employees so he will kick out his employees which cause unemployment.

8- Lack of industries…

Industries are the important part of the success of any economy in our country the number of industry is very low as compare to other developing countries. If we have more industries so more peoples can work there.

9- Political instability…

The political condition can also affect the rate of unemployment. Because if there is bad political condition so the investors of other country will not invest in our country and then we can not make more industries.

10- Poor job performance..

By giving poor performance during the job so the owner will kick out the person who is not working efficiently. Due to which they become unemployed.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Unemployment in Asia

    ...Unemployment and it’s situation in asia: Introduction: Statement of problem: Unemployment is the number of employees who are at least 16 years old, who are not working, and who have been trying to find a job. Lacking a job often means lacking social contact with fellow employees, lack of self-esteem, mental stress and illness, and of co...

    Read More
  • Causes of Unemployment

    ...Causes of Unemployment In Malaysia, the unemployment rate is considered low compared to the early years such as 1986 where the unemployment rate reached as high as 7.6%. Today the unemployment rate is still affected by many factors and in order to make sure it doesn’t reach as high as before, we need to find out the causes of unemployment so ...

    Read More
  • Unemployment- Economics

    ...UNEMPLOYMENT: Unemployment occurs when a person who is actively searching for employment is unable to find work. Unemployment is often used as a measure of the health of the economy. The most frequently cited measure of unemployment is the unemployment rate. This is the number of unemployed persons divided by the number of people in the labor...

    Read More
  • Unemployment and Monetary Policy

    ...UNEMPLOYMENT Nowadays, some of the macroeconomics and policy makers assume that unemployment and inflation are too bad, because both of this factor able to reduce social welfare (Ruprah & Luengas, 2011). The growth and shocks in unemployment may be able to reduce of this deregulation of monetary policy that has been followed with high volum...

    Read More
  • US Unemployment Issues

    ... 09/20/2013 U.S. Unemployment Issues Fluctuation of unemployment rates is a natural occurrence in any economy. Many speculate that if something cannot be done to resolve the current issues plaguing the rate of unemployment in the U.S. the result will soon be an economic crash resembling the Great Depression of the 1930’s. This is so...

    Read More
  • Impact on Unemployment on Standard of Living

    ...If unemployment rises in a country, will its standard of living necessarily decline? Unemployment refers to the condition and extent of joblessness within an economy, and is measured in terms of the unemployment rate, which is the number of unemployed workers divided by the total civilian labor force. If unemployment rises in a country it wi...

    Read More
  • Affect of Unemployment in Economy

    ...Affect of unemployment in economy Unemployment (or joblessness) occurs when people are without work and actively seeking work. The unemployment rate is a measure of the prevalence of unemployment and it is calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by all individuals currently in the labor force. During ...

    Read More
  • Microeconomics: Minimum Wage Will Cause Unemployment and Inflation

    ...ECO 162 Microeconomics Title : Minimum wage will cause unemployment, inflation, say employers, economists Group: JBM1123u Group Members: Muhammad Asyraff bin Ab Hamid 2010357469 : Mohamad Lukman bin Abd. Manaf 2010114997 : Muhammad Faiz bin Mustafa 2010504183 Lecturer:...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.