Unemployment is defined as when a person is available to work and seeking work but currently without work.
Unemployment is one of the most important social problem of not only Pakistan but the problem of all over the world.
Unemployment is a central problem of Pakistan because when
unemployment is high, resources are wasted and people’s incomes are depressed; during such periods, economics distress also spills over to affect people’s emotions and family lives. The socio economics system of Pakistan and institutions has failed to provide employment to the increasing labor force. Labor force include all persons who are of ten years and above , and during the period are without work, currently available for work and seeking for work. About 2.4 million persons of labor force were estimated as unemployed in 1999, as construction and transport sectors have an absorbed 11.2 percent, 6.8 and 5.7 percent as compared to 10.5percent, 7.2 and 5.0 percent respectively in 1994- 1995
It is a general perception that the ratio of unemployment is greater in rural areas. This perception is supported by the fact that rural areas have less to offer as in urban areas industrial sector overcomes this drawback. But as trade and industry require skilled man power and people migrating from rural places to urban cities lack required skills thus this increases unemployment in cities as well. This is when unemployment demonstrates its adverse economic impact.
There are different causes due to which unemployment occurs.. 1- white collar job
2- lack of education
5- market scope
7- economy slow down
8- political instability
9- lack of industries
10-Poor job performance.
1- Over population…
The first and the most common cause of not only the
unemployment but the cause of many other social problems are over population. It causes poverty, inflation, unemployment, e.t.c. It cause unemployment because if there are more people and less opportunities so their need will fulfilled and if there are limited job requirement and a large numbers of spectators so how will every one become employed so over population cause unemployment..
2- Lack of Education…
Our educational system is also responsible for increasing
unemployment rate among the educated youth. The attitude of our youth towards the choice of a career is unrealistic and unproductive. Rapid mechanization and computer technology also causing unemployment.
3- white collar jobs.
White collar job means the respectable and honorable job. Now a day every one want to have these kinds of jobs but these jobs are very less in number so every one can not get these jobs and they do not want to get other unrespectable jobs and they remain unemployed.
In our country smuggling is also causing unemployment because the smuggled product have low price as compare to those things which are produce in the industries and due to which the sale of produced product is decrease and if the sale is decreased so the producer is producing less numbers of products then there is no need of allot of workers so it cause unemployment.
Main issue of unemployment in our country is that when ever a new technology comes as software or hardware then all the people starts studying about that and search the scope of market. Then at the end, you will see ten thousand students of a particular field about 5 to 10 job vacancies
Now a days in our countries most of the jobs are reference based jobs so any common man who have no reference can not get a good job and he will not accept the unrespectable job and remain unemployed.
7-Economy slow down…
If our economy is getting slower and slower so it means we are not producing well and have less sales and if the sales are less so owner will not able to pay wages to all hiss employees so he will kick out his employees which cause unemployment.
8- Lack of industries…
Industries are the important part of the success of any economy in our country the number of industry is very low as compare to other developing countries. If we have more industries so more peoples can work there.
9- Political instability…
The political condition can also affect the rate of unemployment. Because if there is bad political condition so the investors of other country will not invest in our country and then we can not make more industries.
10- Poor job performance..
By giving poor performance during the job so the owner will kick out the person who is not working efficiently. Due to which they become unemployed.