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The Question of Long Term Natural Disaster Relief
“For every glance behind us, we should look twice to the future” -Ban-ki Moon, SG of United Nations
Natural disasters are an unfortunate part of nature. They destroy homes, injure or kill people, and displace entire villages. This happens many times in lesser developed areas, where aid is limited. The goal of this committee is to come up with long-term solutions to this problem and to figure out ways that these affected people can receive useful aid in their time of need. The committee must also decide when a disaster-stricken area is self-sufficient once again.
UNDP, the United Nations Development Programme, is a “global development network, an organization advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life”. UNDP operates in 166 countries around the world. The UNDP is a major contributor to the Millennium Development Goals, especially the eradication of poverty, HIV/AIDS, crisis prevention, including natural disaster relief, environmental stability, and democratic governance.
History of the Problem
Natural disasters have taken place countless times throughout history. Unfortunately, the aftermath of these terrible occurrences seem to not only affect the area where the disaster took place, but the entire global community. “Disaster risk is increasingly of global concern and its impact and actions in one region can have an impact on risks in another, and vice versa.”1 The United Nations and many of its programs have worked tirelessly to reduce the impact of natural disasters and help affected nations recover from their sting. The issues of relief, prevention, and financial aid in the event of a natural disaster are not issues that were addressed only by the current generation. On December 11, 1987, the General Assembly declared in its 42nd session that the following decade (1990-1999) would be known as
1 Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters
the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR). “The objective of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction is to reduce through concerted international action, especially in developing countries, the loss of life, property damage and social and economic disruption caused by natural disasters…”2 Calling upon the international community as well as individual governments, the IDNDR, which ended in 1999, managed to achieve many of their goals including better threat assessment of disasters, an increase in educational facilities focusing on disaster reduction, an increase of IDNDR committees and focal points in various countries, as well as better availability of information about natural disasters.3
As a successor of the IDNDR, the United Nations set up the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) in December of 1999. The goals of this establishment include strengthening nations so they are able to bounce back from the consequences of natural disasters as well as stressing the importance of risk prevention strategies. But the backbone of the ISDR and all nations who are planning to reduce the risks posed by these natural disasters is the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.
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