Abrego”legal Consciousness of Undocumented Latinos: Fear and Stigma as Barriers to Claims –Making for first –and 1.5 Generation Immigrants “
This article is about the legal conscious and incorporation experience of undocumented immigrates in the United States. Although this population maybe disaggregated in the United States one central distinction among them is their age at migration .Those that migrated as Adults live out their daily lives in different social context than those who migrated as children. Therefore although all undocumented immigrants are legally banned their identities sense of belonging and interpretation of their status vary. Base on ethnographic observation and in-depth interviews of Latinos undocumented immigrants from 2001 to2010. The study examines how illegality is experience differently by social position .The finding suggest that the role of life stage at migration and work –versus school context importantly inform immigrants legal consciousness. Fear predominates in the legal consciousness of the 1.5 generation is more heavily infused with the stigma. Fear and stigma are both barrier to claim making but they may affect undocumented immigrants for collective mobilization in different ways (Abrego2011, 337). Immigrants Incorporation Theories and the Role of Legal Status The legal status and the undocumented status more specifically have not yet to be fully examine as a central determinants of immigrant’s life chances in the United States. Contemporary theories
Of immigrant incorporation, more explicitly than past theories, do try to account for the role of context of reception in contextualizing and shaping immigrant’s lives in the host country. Segment assimilation one of the most influential frameworks for the study of immigration incorporation identifies context of reception as one of a few key factors determining the various pathways through which immigrants and their children can incorporate into U.S society (Portes&Rumbaut 2001;Portes &Zhou1993 ;Reitz 1998). Claims-Making, Legal Consciousness, and Undocumented Immigrants Ewick and Silbey (1998) study the ways people understand and apply the law in everyday life. The study identify predominant types of legal conscious each associated with a set of actions. The individuals who are with the law find it to be accessible, utilize it as a resource and perceive it as a game (1998:48).Theses individuals are aware of their rights and are likely to make claims for redress or inclusion . On the other hands, those who are against the law are trapped by its pervasive authority and are not likely to make claims (1998:48-9).Based on this frame work the authors predict that members of disenfranchised groups .will generally be against the law. Undocumented immigrants are all banned from residing in the United States. They constitute a vulnerable group, and their legal conscious should place them unvarying against the law within national boundaries. Just over half of Latinos adults in the U.S. expressed worry that one of their close friends or relatives could be deported (Abrego2011:341).
The Social Construction of First NS 1. 5 Generation Undocumented Immigrants Federal state and local laws along with media representations powerfully produce the category of undocumented immigrants .Immigration laws are socially constructed and the people deemed “illegal “ are only produced as much through immigration laws (De Genova 2005;Ngai 2007). Immigration laws restrict the movement of some individuals but allow the admission of others, thereby making and unmaking documented, undocumented (Calavita1998; Ngai2007) and quasi –documented immigrants (Menjivar2006b).These practices establish a social hierarchy based on legal status and legal categories that grant immigrants access to good benefits and rights in society (Massey&Bartley2005).In the current and historical moment the estimation 11.9...
References: Abrego”legal Consciousness of Undocumented Latinos: Fear and Stigma as Barriers to Claims –Making for first –and 1.5 Generation Immigrants “ online
Snow, Anderson, and Loftland (2005) Analyzing Social Settings, 4th edition Chapter 3:
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