Understanding the Principles of Assessment

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Topics: Assessment, Learning
Unit 1
1.Understanding the Principles and Practices of Assessment

1.1 Function of assessment in learning and development
Assessment enables the assessor to measure and record learner achievement. It also enables one to identify individual learner needs through formative assessments as you are working with the learner throughout, identifying what the next step should be. Formative assessments are a continuous process used to provide feedback to the learner. It could also be through summative assessments whereby the assessor will be assessing what has been achieved whilst at the same time, monitoring learner development against set standards in line with quality standards in order to achieve best practice. Summative assessments also provide a description of learner’s level of knowledge on completion of an activity or task.

1.2 Key Concepts and Principles of Assessment
Purpose: Who is the assessment intended for e.g. learner, organisation or assessor. Assessment enables one to evaluate or make a reflection of your teaching.

Reliability: If an assessment was totally reliable assessors acting independently using the same criteria should come to the same outcome when marking a piece of work, in the interests of quality, fairness and assurance.

Validity: Does the assessed task actually assess what you want it to.

1.3 Responsibilities of the Assessor
The role of the assessor is to assess the learner's performance in a range of tasks. They will ensure that the competence or knowledge demonstrated meets the required standard which is why it is important the assessor has experience in the area of work being assessed.. The assessor will plan assessments with each learner and ensure they are fully aware of their responsibility in collection and presentation of evidence. The assessor will observe the candidate in the work place or environment that reflects the true job. The assessor may ask questions in order to confirm knowledge and

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