1. Understanding the Principles and Practices of Assessment 1.1. Explain the functions of assessment in learning and development Assessment is a judgment on a learner’s performance and knowledge against criteria set by the awarding body. It is used to measure and record a learner’s level of knowledge and skills and gives feedback on their performance. It also allows the employer to determine whether the learner is able to meet the requirements of their role by monitoring their development. Assessment can be in the form of formative assessment in tracking learner progress or summative assessment to assess their achievement. Assessment must be objective and unbiased and is solely a tool to determine the learner’s skill and knowledge. Assessment may also involve the learner’s employer or other expert within the workplace. 1.2. Define the key concepts and principles of assessment Key concepts and principles includes whether the assessment is: * Fair, which includes making reasonable adjustments to allow the learner to make progress * Reliable, ie judging whether the learner could perform at the same level over a period of time and in a range of circumstance * Valid and relevant to what is being assessed
* Safe and manageable, ie is the assessment being conducted in a safe environment and is it in an appropriate setting, eg away from distractions * Suitable to the candidate’s needs
* Authentic, ie produced by the learner independently with no help from anyone else * Current, to show that the learner’s knowledge and skills are up to date * Sufficient to show that the evidence has met all the requirements * Meeting Equality and diversity needs so that learners are treated equally and not disadvantaged in any way * Ethical and shows integrity. The assessment process must be honest, objective, transparent and fair and personal opinions should not affect the outcome of assessment.
1.3. Explain the responsibilities of the assessor
* Planning assessment, including the assessment method, the evidence required, communication and practical arrangements. * To set the assessment task to ensure consistency so that every learner is being treated the same and no-one is advantaged/disadvantaged * Results of assessment should meet the requirements, is the candidate’s own work and does not plagiarize other work * Feeding back, including when the outcome is to move forward onto the next assessment objective and also when the assessment objective has to be revisited. Feedback should, ideally, be given in writing and verbally. It should be positive and constructive, specific and detailed. The written feedback gives a record of the assessment decision.
1.4. Identify the regulations and requirements relevant to assessment in own area of practice There may be a number of occupational legislation that could affect a specific assessment but the following will impact on all assessments: * The Equality Act 2010 was set out to protect against discrimination. This is important in assessment to ensure that no-one is treated more or less favourably because of any of the following: * Age
* The Health and Safety at Work Act assesses any risks of harm during assessment. It legislates for the responsibility of employers, employees and others to reduce the risk of harm by: * Identifying hazards
* Deciding who could be harmed and how
* Evaluating the risk and how it can be reduced
* Recording findings and implementing them
As an assessor going into an assessment area, which could, for example, be in a server room, it is my responsibility to ensure that the learner will come to no harm whilst being assessed. * Other legislation specific to my area of expertise also includes the Display Screen...
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