Understanding Islam

Topics: Islam, Muhammad, Qur'an Pages: 40 (13681 words) Published: April 14, 2013
Lecture NO 1


Islam is religion which biased on the unity of Allah or the oneness of Allah.

Meaning: Submission, peace, purity and obedience.

In the religious sense Islam means submission to the will of Allah and the obedience to his law. Everything in this world is under the administration of only one Allah.

Islam is a complete code of life which covers and organizes all aspects of life on both the individual and national levels. Islam organizes your relations with Allah, with yourself, with your family , with your relatives, with your neighbor, with your guest, and with other . Islam clearly establishes your duties and rights in all those relationships .Islam has lead the great emphasis on Tawheed . A man cannot be a Muslim unless he believes in the unity of Allah. The best known expression of divine unity is La-ilaha-ill-Allah (There is no god but Allah) the expression of this belief differentiates the Muslims from the Kafir.

Who is the Muslim: The followers of Islam are called Muslims. The literal meaning of Muslim is "one who surrenders" or "submits" to the will of Allah. According to Quran, those who submit to one Allah are Muslims.

Basic believes or Articles of Faith : Islam based on following believes [pic]

Pillars of Islam: the building of Islam is stand on the five Pillars. Allah has laid down for a Muslim four major exercises of faith, some are daily, some weekly, some monthly, some annually and some are required as a minimum of once in a lifetime.


Sources of Islamic Law :


The Qur’an: Muslims believe the Qur'an to be the direct words of Allah, as revealed to and transmitted by the Prophet Muhammad. All sources of Islamic law must be in essential agreement with the Qur'an, the most fundamental source of Islamic knowledge. When the Qur'an itself does not speak directly or in detail about a certain subject, Muslims only then turn to alternative sources of Islamic law.

The Sunnah: Sunnah is the traditions or known practices of the Prophet Muhammad, many of which have been recorded in the volumes of Hadith literature. The resources include many things that he said, did, or agreed to -- and he lived his life according to the Qur'an, putting the Qur'an into practice in his own life. During his lifetime, the Prophet's family and companions observed him and shared with others exactly what they had seen in his words and behaviors -- i.e. how he performed ablutions, how he prayed, and how he performed many other acts of worship. People also asked the Prophet directly for rulings on various matters, and he would pronounce his judgment. All of these details were passed on and recorded, to be referred to in future legal rulings. Many issues concerning personal conduct, community and family relations, political matters, etc. were addressed during the time of the Prophet, decided by him, and recorded. The Sunnah can thus clarify details of what is stated generally in the Qur'an.

Ijma: In situations when Muslims have not been able to find a specific legal ruling in the Qur'an or Sunnah, the consensus of the community is sought (or at least the consensus of the legal scholars within the community). The Prophet Muhammad once said that his community (i.e. the Muslim community) would never agree on an error.

Qiyas:..In cases when something needs a legal ruling, but has not been clearly addressed in the other sources, judges may use analogy, reasoning, and legal precedent to decide new case law. This is often the case when a general principle can be applied to new situations.

Tawheed is the basic belief . *Lecture 02*

✓ Meaning: unity of Allah or oneness of Allah

✓ Technically the word tawheed comes from the word wah-hada, which means to make something waahid (singular). Waahid is the opposite of two, three, etc. waahid is something that will continue to be singular and never become a partner of something else...
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