Understanding Children and Young People

Topics: Childhood, Developmental psychology, Young Pages: 14 (5471 words) Published: January 2, 2015

Edexcel Level 3 Diploma for Children and Young Peoples Workforce Workbook 1
Unit 1 & Unit 18

Understanding Children and Young People’s Development

Learner Name: Sammy-jo Wood

Unit 1

Q1. (1.1) Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years. In your Answer, you must include the pattern of Development from: 0-3, 3-7, 7-12, 12-16, 16-19 years. You must also explain the following: Gross Motor Physical Development

Physical Maturity
Intellectual / Cognitive
Social Development
Emotional and Behavioural Development
Personal Development
0-3 years – In the early stages of a childs life they would rely completely on their caregiver for everything; such as feeding, bathing, changing and nurturing. Their way of communicating that they want something would be to cry. A child will learn physical skills frm 0-3 years which start with being able to roll over, then sitting up, then crawling, then walking with assistance to walking unassisted. Language will also begin to form starting with babbling, then a toned babble that expresses their pleasure or displeasure at something, they will start to respond to their name and also respond to the word “no”. Words such as “mama” or “dada” will follow and by age 3 they should be able to say simple sentences and phrases and follow simple instructions. 3-7 years – At this point a child will start to learn balance and start to gain speed and agility in their walking, running and skipping. They will learn movement that will enable them to swim and ride a bike and be able to incorpareate motor skills into games. They will rarely show signs of fatigue and will seek active games and envirments. A child will enjoy being around other children at this age and will interact with and engage with them well in conversation, games and activity. Over the course of this period children will learn to imagine through play, fantasy and exploration. Fewer tantrums will happen over this development stage as a child is now learning to express their feelings through words and their sense of humour will also start to show through which they have picked up from spending time with adults as well as other children. A child also starts school in this development stage and will start to learn the alphabet and spelling, counting and simple maths. They will also learn how to behave in a school setting and therefore know when to be quiet, to share and to respect their elders and peers. 7-12 years – Physically a child will now be fairly independant and coordinated. They may start wanting to test their physical strengths by doing such things as climbing trees and jumping off high surfaces. They will now become more aware of their body and may request privacy when getting dressed or bathing. From a cognitive aspect a child will day-dream alot and be absent minded a lot of the time. However they will be able to look at problems from more than one angle now and be more diplomatic. Their sense of humour will now be well developed and they will enjoy hearing and telling jokes. They will be able to write and spell well and count up to 100 and do simple sums and equations. They will also start to self evaluate and notice things they can improve on rather than have it pointed out. Sociallizing is still something a child will enjoy at this age but they will also start to want their own space; especially when feeling down. Fear of real life events will also become more apparent in the child such as burglary, kidnapping or other events they see on the news. Self image will also be huge to a child and they may want to be seen in a certain way by others to gain acceptance or approval; for example not wanting their parent to hug or kiss them in fron of their friends so they look cool. 12-16 years – This stage is very different for males and females. The female at this age will begin puberty, her body will develop more and her menstrual...
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