Understanding Child and Young Person Development

Topics: Psychology, Behaviorism, Behavior Pages: 8 (2550 words) Published: October 11, 2013

Homework – Week 1
Unit 01 – Child and young person development (1.1)

1. Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the difference is important (1.1) Sequence of development
The sequence of development is a process where an event is followed one after the another and achieves a   level of succession with a series of changes or growth that a process undertakes normally to improve on that process. Leading to a matured state.

In normal cases the sequence of development depends on pervious events which had happened previously.

For Example a baby first starts to roll, thereafter 6-7 months they try to sit, soon after they start crawling using their legs and hands. Next stage at the age of 1yrs they will try to stand holding things, try to walk holding parents hands and finally they reaches a stage of succession where they can walk independently.

Rate of Development
It is a quantity of something in comparison with a unit of another thing. Rate of development varies child to child. Each and every child has a different rate of development. Although they follow more or less the same pattern of rate of development.  For Example:   Some babies start teething from 6 months and some of them start even at 9 months. Some babies can start making sentences at around 1 Yrs but in some case at the age of 1 yrs and they only can speak few broken words.

Importance of Differences
Sequential development is the sequence   of development . This means that you must finish with one of area of development before you move on to the next one. The rate of development is the pace that a child develops, these can be the pace within each sequence or the pace over all and goes to cover all the set areas or period in between or altogether in the sequence. These principals run through all the areas of development from physical, social, intellectual and language no matter what the age of the child.. If at all one is skipped or is slow it can be a cause for concern and may lead to a child being given a special recommendation or having a special need in or outside school. Development and growth is a kind of continuous process but still they differ and varies from an individual to an individual.

2. Complete the following chart providing at least 2 examples of each type of development for each stage. (1.2) STAGE
PHYSICAL
INTELLECTUAL
(Cognitive and Communication)
EMOTIONAL
(Social and Behavioural)
0.1 YEAR

Between the ages of 0-1 babies should be able to sit up and support their own head crawl and eventually walk if sequence development is followed. At first a baby uses its senses (sight and sound) to interact with the world and communicate with the environment. Best way for a baby to intellectually develop is by playing as this allows them to be aware of their body abilities (moving things) and understand their surrounding and environment better. A baby will usually express their emotions via physical movements. when they are happy they will jump up and down bouncing screaming, smiling and laughing. As they develop a close relationship with their parents they may not be comfortable with strangers in which they will use the only form of communication they know and cry to alarm their parents they are not happy. 1-3 YEARS

As most children would have developed the skill to walk by age 1 they may be able to run, play and kick balls by this stage. Also as their bones are getting stronger they can drink out a cup instead a bottle. At this stage a toddler will be able to communicate in more than one word, combine as many words together to make a sentence. they may have a short attention span but can follow simple short instructions. At this stage a toddler will develop jealousy. For example if another child is playing with a toy or a parent of the child the toddler, they may get jealous. As they can walk run and play by now they want some time of independence. although...
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