Understand the Context of Supporting Individuals with Learning Disabilities

Topics: Disability, Discrimination, Educational psychology Pages: 12 (4079 words) Published: June 22, 2013
UNDERSTAND THE CONTEXT OF SUPPORTiNG INDIVIDUALS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES

OUTCOME 1
1. There are various pieces of legislation in place to promote equality and reduce discrimination. These include:
* The Disability Discrimination Act 2005
* The Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001
* The Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2000
* Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN, 1989)
* The Human Rights Act 1998
* The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (as amended)
* Employment Equality Regulations 2003
2. The Disability Discrimination Act 2005
The Act prohibits discrimination against disabled people in a range of circumstances, covering employment and occupation, education, transport, and the provision of goods, facilities, services, premises and the exercise of public functions. Only those individuals, who are defined as disabled in accordance with section 1 of the Act, and the associated schedules and Regulations made there under, will be entitled to the protection that the Act provides. Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001

Is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is intended as an adjunct to the Disability Discrimination Act 1995, which legislated to prevent the unfair treatment of individuals, in the provision of goods and services, unless justification could be proved. This legislation was deemed necessary as the previous Act did not encompass educational organisations. This was further replaced by the Disability Discrimination Act 2005. The act required schools, colleges, universities, adult education providers, statutory Youth service and local education authorities to make 'reasonable provision’s' to ensure people with disabilities or special needs were provided with the same opportunities as those who were not disabled. The Act stated that discrimination occurred when the educational establishment/body either fails to make reasonable adjustments to accommodate individuals with special needs or a disability, or when they give them less favourable treatment. Race Relations Act 1976

It was established by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to prevent discrimination on the grounds of race. Items that are covered include discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, nationality, ethnic and national origin in the fields of employment, the provision of goods and services, education and public functions. The Act also established the Commission for Racial Equality with a view to review the legislation, which was put in place to make sure the Act’s rules, were followed. The Act incorporates the earlier Race Relations Act 1965 and Race Relations Act 1968 and was later amended by the Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2000, notably including a statutory duty on public bodies to promote race equality, and to demonstrate that procedures to prevent race discrimination are effective. The Act was repealed by the Equality Act 2010, which supersedes and consolidates previous discrimination law in the UK. The Human Rights Act 1998

Came into force in the United Kingdom, in October 2000. It is composed of a series of sections that have the effect of codifying the protections in the European Convention on Human Rights into UK law. All public bodies (such as courts, police, local governments, hospitals, publicly funded schools, and others) and other bodies carrying out public functions have to comply with the Convention rights. This means, among other things, those individuals can take human rights cases in domestic courts; they no longer have to go to Strasbourg to argue their case in the European Court of Human Rights. The Act sets out the fundamental rights and freedoms that individuals in the UK have access to. They include: * Right to life

* Freedom from torture and inhuman or degrading treatment * Right to liberty and security
* Right to a fair trial
* No punishment without law
* Respect for your private and family life, home and...
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