Task 1 * Explain the innate drive for children and young people to play.
The Playwork Principles (2006) state “All children and young people need to play. The impulse to play is innate”.
“Play is a process that is freely chosen, personally directed and intrinsically motivated. Children and young people determine and control the content and intent of their play by following their instincts, ideas and interests in their own way and for their own reasons. The child chooses when and how to play and this is seen as a biological drive, essential to health and well-being.”
This means that play is seen as a natural instinct for a child and is their way of understanding the world around them. Play is something that a child chooses to do and will do whenever and wherever possible. Play takes place in all aspects of a child’s daily routine whether they are eating, walking, talking or in the classroom. This shows that they have a natural curiosity and sense for adventure, exploration and excitement. Children do not even need to be given toys to play, they have the ability and imaginations to turn even the simplest of objects such as a cardboard box into anything they desire such as a castle or racing car.
* Analyse how play is necessary for children and young people’s development and well being.
Play is crucial for a child’s social, emotional, physical and cognitive development. Play is a child’s way of learning about their own body and the world around them. Through play they exercise key skills and qualities such as independence, creativity, curiosity and problem solving. It is an important part of exploring feelings and developing social skills. Children will begin by playing with inanimate objects such as dolls or cuddly toys, role playing and interacting with them which helps them to practice their language skills. This allows them to then have the confidence and vocabulary to move on to playing and interacting with other