Understand Child and Young Person Development

Topics: Developmental psychology, Childhood, Puberty Pages: 13 (2737 words) Published: September 8, 2013
Understand child and young person development
Task 1.1

Children and young people’s development is completed with each area being interconnected we need to look at all areas of their development in relation to particular aspects of development the sequence of children’s development for each age range is divided into five different aspects which are:

• Physical development
• Intellectual development
• Language development
• Social development
• Emotional development

Physical Development ages:
Birth – 6 months:
Lies on back with head to one side.
Grasps objects when they touch the palm of the hand.
Kicks legs and waves arms.
Watches movements of own hands, plays with own hands.
Turns from back to side.
Holds on to and shakes small items.

6 months to 1 year:
Pushes head, neck and chest off floor with arms when on front. •Uses whole hand in palmar grasp, passes toy from one hand to another. •Sits alone without support.
Reaches out for toys when sitting.
May crawl or shuffle.
Will take and hold a small brick in each hand.
Uses index and middle fingers with thumb in pincer grip to pick up small items.

1 – 2 years:
Stands alone and starts to walk holding on (‘cruising’). •Picks up anything tiny from the floor using neat pincer grip. •Pushes and pulls toys when walking.
Pulls off shoes.
Can walk downstairs with hand held.

Shakes head for yes or no.
Holds a crayon in primitive tripod grasp and scribbles.

2 – 3 years:
Walks up and down stairs with both feet on one step.
Climbs on furniture.
Builds a tower of six bricks.
Uses a spoon for self-feeding.
Puts shoes on.
Draws circles and dots.
Starts to use preferred hand.

3 years:
Stands and walks on tiptoe.
Can kick a ball confidently.
Turns single pages in a book.
Builds bridges with blocks when shown.

4 years:
Can aim and throw and catch a large ball.
Walks backwards and on a line.
Cuts round an object with scissors and copies a square. •Buttons and unbuttons clothes.

5 years:
Skips.
Runs quickly.
Easily dresses and undresses.
Hits a ball with a bat.
Draws a person with a head, body and legs, and a house.
Catches ball.

6-7 years:
Enjoys hopping, bike riding, roller blading and skating. •Can sew simple stitches.
Ties and unties laces.
Builds intricate models.
Controls pencil in a small area and does detailed drawing.

8-12 years:
Improves physical skills that have already developed.
Puberty starts around 10 for girls with a growth spurt and increase in body strength.

Communication and language development ages:
Birth – 6 months:
Cries when basic needs require attention, for example hunger, tiredness, distress. •Becomes quiet and turns head towards sound of rattle near head. •Coos in response to carer’s talk.

6 – 12 months:
Responds differently to different tones of voice.
Starts to respond to noises out of sight with correct visual response. •Vocalises for communication, shouts for attention.
Babbles loudly and tunefully using dual syllables in long strings, for example ‘dad, ‘baba’, ‘mam-mam.’ •Imitates adult vocal sounds, for example coughs, smacking lips . •Understands ‘no’ and ‘bye-bye’.

1 – 2 years:
Knows own name.
Understands simple messages, for example ‘clap hands’, ‘where are your shoes? •Responds to simple instructions, for example ‘fetch your shoes’, ‘shut the door.

2 – 3 years:
Developing dense of own identity, wanting to do things on their own. •Counts to ten.
Holds simple conversations.
They are seeking attention from adults and starting to feel jealous if the attention given to other people.

3 – 4 years:
Asks many questions of the type: what? why? And how?
Forms short, grammatically correct sentences.
Imitates adult speech.

4 – 8 years:
Speech is fluent and correct, using descriptive language. •Gives full name, age,...
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