For my essay I’ve chosen the topic: ‘Ukraine as a ‘bridge’ between Russia and EU’. I found it really interesting, especially in current situation, after the Presidential elections. And, of course, the topic is very important to me, as I’m Ukrainian and studying in the country, which belongs to EU. In this paper it would be considered: reasons of forming of current situation in Ukraine; relationships and perspective of development of them with Russia; relationships and perspective of development of them with EU; current situation after Presidential elections and outcomes of influences it could have on further position of Ukraine on the international arena. From times of Kyiv Russ Ukrainian land was separated on two parts: eastern and western. Of course, boarders were changing all the time, because of wars that were forming nowadays political map. Eastern part belonged to Moscow State (Russia) and Western to Rzeczpospolita (Poland). Therefore, traditions of Ukrainians were forming under different conditions. We can say that this is a base for nowadays situation and will have a great impact on further development of the country. Consequently, one of the most important features of Ukraine, that became a fundamental is heterogeneity of each region, which appeared in cultural entity, its traditions and has a high influence on relationships between those regions, so main division in country could be highlighted for ‘East’ and ‘West’. Those two parts are almost equal in their sizes and power. Main distinction consists in different degrees of Russification and dissimilar points of view on future of Ukraine in economical, political and religious directions. When Ukraine was a part of Soviet Union, there was a totalitarian control, which didn’t allow those differences to appear, but the formation of an independent Ukraine in 1991 made it possible. Conclusion of these points could be seen: Western part is for national development and moving in direction to EU (in other words pro-European) and Eastern part will remain the same – moving in direction of Russia (or in other words pro-Russian). 1 Ukraine and Russia
After achieving independency in 1991 Ukraine stepped on its own way. So first of all changes in political life should have been appeared. Leonid Kravchuk was the first President, mainly elected by ‘East’, the nationalistic part ‘West’ was voting for other candidate, but appeared in minority. However, with further development of political carrier Kravchuk reoriented on west, so he became pro-European. Although Ukraine got independency, it was still ‘looking’ in the direction of Russia and situation with nationalism was remaining the same. On the next elections it happened, that representative of eastern ideology won again, it was Leonid Kuchma. He succeeded to stay the President for the second time, as made slight changes in his political views to satisfy people from western part. However he still was considered pro-Russian. In 2004 Kuchma failed to transfer his power to his successor Victor Yanukovich (again strongly pro-Russian candidate). The reason of that was famous ‘Orange revolution’. On the first tour of President Elections Victor Yanukovich defeated his main opponent Victor Jushenko (pro-European candidate). But people of Ukraine found these results unjustifiable and were trying to insist on reelections. The problem was that in passive way things couldn’t be done, so people went on the streets, trying to fight for their rights, for democracy (and again it was a fight pro-European vs. pro-Russian). ‘Orange revolution’ was peaceful, but influential, ‘West’ got what it wanted – reelections of president with winning of Victor Jushenko as a result. Nevertheless, it didn’t bring stable development of Ukraine, as Jushenko was a good economist, but not a good manager of a country. He wasn’t able to bring all his ideas to life to make a strong and independent Ukraine, independent not only on paper, but in full meaning of the...
References: 9. ‘Ukraine wants to join EU without joining NATO’ 14:37 21/05/2010 http://www.rian.ru/world/20100521/236916670.html
10. ‘Ukraine-EU’, visited on 23 May, 2010 http://www.day.kiev.ua/289255
11. ‘Catherine Ashton: Ukraine Association Agreement with the EU could be signed this year’, Korrespondent on-line magazine, 15 May, 2010 http://korrespondent.net/ukraine/politics/1076438
Please join StudyMode to read the full document