➢ Plato was born in Athens in 428/27 BCE, one year after death of Pericles.
➢ His father traced his lineage to the old kings of Athens and before them to the god Posiedon.
➢ His, mother Perictione, was the sister of Chramides and the cousin of Critias.
➢ In such a family atmosphere, Plato learned much about public life and developed at an early age a sense of responsibility for public political service.
➢ Around 387 BCE, when he was about 40 yrs. Old, Plato founded the Academy at Athens.
THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE
• The Cave
• The Dividend Line
➢ Plato provides more detail about levels of knowledge that we can obtain
➢ These objects and their parallel types of thought can be diagram as follows:
Objects y Thought
|The Good, Forms |Intelligence | |Mathematical |Thinking | |Objects | | |Things |Belief | |Images |Imagining |
➢ The most superficial form of mental activity is found at the lowest level of the line.
➢ The three levels of reality here are, then
1. The form of Humanness
2. The embodiment of this Form in Socrates
3. The image of Socrates as represented on canvass
➢ The next stage after imagining is belief.
➢ It may strike us as strange that Plato should use the word believing instead of knowing to describe the state of mind induced by seeing actual objects.
➢ When we move from believing to thinking, we move from the visible world to the intelligible world and from the realm of opinion to the realm of knowledge
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