CONQUESTADORES- Lured by the prospect of vast lands filled with gold and silver, these explorers, known as conquistadors
HERNANDO CORTES- Hernándo Cortés led an army into the American mainland, eager to claim new lands for Spain
MESTIZO- or mixed Spanish and Native American—population. Their descendants live today in Mexico, other Latin American coun- tries, and the United States.
ENCOMIENDA- encomienda, in which the natives farmed, ranched, or mined for Spanish land- lords, who had received the rights to their labor from Spanish authorities.
JUAN PONCE DE LEON- explorer Juan Ponce de León spied a tree- covered beach. In honor of the holiday, he named the land La Florida.
CONGREGACIONES-Spanish priests gathered the surviving natives into large communities, called congregaciónes.
THE SPANISH CONQUEST OF CENTRAL AND NORTH AMERICA
WHAT MOTIVATED SPAIN’S CONQUEST?
Lands with golds and silver
HOW WERE THE SPANISH ABLE TO SUCCEED?
Cortes convinced Aztec emperor he was a god
SPANISH RULE OF NEW SPAIN AND MEXICO
WHY DID SPAIN EST. THESE COLONIES?
wanted more land and to establish Spanish churches and homes; more power
HOW DID SPAIN CONTROL THESE COLONIES?
Caused NA to work within encomienda
RESISTANCE TO SPANISH RULE IN NEW MEXICO
WHY DID PEUBLOS REBEL AGAINST SPAIN?
Priests punished people of other religions
WHAT REULTED FROM POPE’S REBELLION?
Inhabitats regained ownership of southwest U.S.
COMPLETE THE TIME LINE BY DESCRIBING THE KEY EVENTS IN SPAN’S COUNQUEST OF THE AMERICAS
1513-In 1513, on Easter Sunday—a day the Spaniards called pascua florida, or “feast of flowers”— explorer Juan Ponce de León spied a tree- covered beach. In honor of the holiday, he named the land La Florida. For almost five decades, the Spanish probed La Florida and the surrounding areas for gold,