types of government

Topics: Monarchy, Government, Form of government Pages: 11 (2743 words) Published: September 25, 2014


Quimson Ronabel F. *H-268*
Prof. Adrian F. San Miguel

Government in the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislators, administrators, and arbitrators. Government is the means by which state policy is enforced, as well as the mechanism for determining the policy of the state. A form of government, or form of state governance, refers to the set of political systems and institutions that make up the organization of a specific government. Government of any kind currently affects every human activity in many important ways. For this reason, political scientists generally argue that government should not be studied by itself; but should be studied along with anthropology, economics, history, philosophy, science, and sociology. TYPES OF GOVERNMENT

Absolute monarchy 
A form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i.e., without any laws, constitution, or legally organized opposition.  Anarchy
Anarchy is lack of government, as there is no governing authority; in anarchy there is no government and each individual has absolute liberty. It is important to note, however, that the lack of a government to enforce laws does not automatically imply that there are no laws; anarcho-capitalism in particular posits a form of anarchy with a body of explicit laws. Aristocracy

A form of government in which a select few rule based on inherited hereditary right. A form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the principal persons of a state, or in a privileged order; an oligarchy Autocracy

A form of government in which the political power is held by a single, self-appointed ruler.  Government by a single person having unlimited power; despotism (domination through threat of punishment and violence) Authoritarian 

A form of government in which state authority is imposed onto many aspects of citizens' lives.  Bureaucracy
 Administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with non-elected officials Commonwealth 
A nation, state, or other political entity founded on law and united by a compact of the people for the common good Communist 
A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single - often authoritarian - party holds power; state controls are imposed with the elimination of private ownership of property or capital while claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people (i.e., a classless society). 

Communist state
A hypothetical stateless entity that follows after socialism as according to Marxist theory. Confederations  
Confederation produces the weakest central government. Member states in a confederation retain their sovereignty, delegating to the central government only those powers that are essential for its maintenance. The individual states jealously guard their power to tax and to make their own laws. The central government serves as a coordinating instrument to protect the interests of all its members. It also represents the confederation in dealings with outside governments, but its actions are subject to the review and approval of the confederated states. Constitutional 

A government by or operating under an authoritative document (constitution) that sets forth the system of fundamental laws and principles that determines the nature, functions, and limits of that government.  Constitutional democracy 

A form of government in which the sovereign power of the people is spelled out in a governing constitution.  Constitutional Government  
Today most governments derive their legitimacy from national constitutions that provide a legal framework for their rule and specify how power is to be exercised and controlled. Even one-party states, such as the traditional Communist countries and other nations in Africa, Asia, and South America, have...
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