Types of Fallacies

Topics: Logic, Argumentative, Fallacy Pages: 3 (1177 words) Published: May 22, 2007
This paper will describe three types of logical fallacies. Logical fallacies are errors in reasoning. Once a person becomes familiar with them, they can identify logical fallacies in others' arguments. A person can also avoid using logical fallacies or use them to their advantage to convince others of something differentiates the facts from the fallacies, this could help people make a better and more productive decision

To define what a fallacy is one must understand what an argument is. An argument consists of one or more premises and one conclusion. A premise is a statement (a sentence that is either true or false) that is offered in support of the claim being made, which is the conclusion (which is also a sentence that is either true or false). There are two main types of arguments: deductive and inductive. A deductive argument is an argument such that the premises provide (or appear to provide) complete support for the conclusion. An inductive argument is an argument such that the premises provide (or appear to provide) some degree of support (but less than complete support) for the conclusion. If the premises actually provide the required degree of support for the conclusion, then the argument is a good one. A good deductive argument is known as a valid argument and is such that if all its premises are true, then its conclusion must be true. If all the argument is valid and actually has all true premises, then it is known as a sound argument. If it is invalid or has one or more false premises, it will be unsound. A good inductive argument is known as a strong (or "cogent") inductive argument. It is such that if the premises are true, the conclusion is likely to be true. (http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/) Persuasive communication is essentially based on a logically constructed argument that is strong enough to change the audience's opinion to agree with the conclusion Communication is an extremely important factor in our lives and...
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