Types of Crime against Women
Through The ages, there have been various crimes and various forms of crimes practised in our country. Few prominent amongst them are as follows: 1.) Sati Pratha
2.) Dowry and Dowry Deaths.
4.) Prostitution and Immoral Woman Trafficing
5.) Domestic Violence
6.) Child Marriage
Now We shall briefly understand about the origin of these humanly sins and as to how did it become a practise and came into origin.
1.) Sati Pratha - The burning of the widow : Sati is described as a Hindu custom in India in which the widow was burnt to ashes on her dead husband's pyre or a wife immolated herself at the funeral pyre of her husband. Basically the custom of Sati was believed to be a voluntary Hindu act in which the woman voluntary decides to end her life with her husband after his death. But there were many incidences in which the women were forced to commit Sati, sometimes even dragged against her wish to the lighted pyre. Sati in Hinduism thus means a woman fully dedicated to her husband and it was never a practice or a pratha during early days. Some instances of voluntary self-immolation by both women and men that may be regarded as at least partly historical accounts are included in the Mahabharata and other works. Also, neither immolation nor the desire for self-immolation are regarded as a custom in the Mahabharata. Use of the term 'sati' to describe the custom of self-immolation does not occur in the Mahabarata, unlike other customs, such as the Rajasuya yagna. The self-immolations are viewed as an expression of extreme grief at the loss of a beloved one. Though Sati is considered a Hindu custom, the women, known as Sati in Hindu religious literature, did not commit suicide on their dead husband's pyre. The first woman known as Sati was the consort of Lord Shiva. She burnt herself in fire as protest against her father who did not give her consort Shiva the respect she thought he deserved, while burning herself she prayed to reborn again as the new consort of Shiva, which she became and her name in the new incarnation was Parvati. Other famous woman in Hindu literature titled Sati was Savitri. When Savitri's husband Satyavan died, the Lord of death, Yama arrived to take his soul. Savitri begged Yama to restore Satyavan and take her life instead, which he could not do. So Savitri followed Lord Yama a long way. After a long way in which Yama noticed that Savitri was losing strength but was still following him and her dead husband, Yama offered Savitri a boon, anything other than her husband's life. Savitri asked to have children from Satyavan. In order to give Savitri her boon, Lord Yama had no choice but to restore Satyavan to life and so Savitri gained her husband back. This act, which was initially performed by the consort of shiv to spend her future births with her, lately became a practise when people thought it was a custom and forcefully started setting widows of the deceased man to pyre. Few reliable records exist of the practice before the time of the Gupta empire, approximately 400 CE. After about this time, instances of sati began to be marked by inscribed memorial stones. The earliest of these are found in Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, though the largest collections date from several centuries later, and are found in Rajasthan. These stones, called devli, or sati-stones, became shrines to the dead woman, who was treated as an object of reverence and worship. They are most common in western India. One of the prominent reasons for sati was, that A widow’s status was looked upon as an unwanted burden that prevented her from participating in the household work. Her touch, her voice, her very appearance was considered unholy, impure and something was to be shunned and abhorred. Sati still occurs, albeit rarely, in the rural areas. A well documented case from 1987 was that of 18-year old Roop Kanwar. In response to this incident, additional recent legislation against...
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