Types of Anxiety Disorders and it's symptoms

Topics: Anxiety, Social anxiety disorder, Anxiety disorders Pages: 7 (1128 words) Published: February 25, 2014

Types of Anxiety Disorders and its Symptoms
Keanne Louise S. Ariola

English 1, RTA
October 11, 2013

Types of Anxiety Disorders and its Symptoms

People get anxious in their everyday life just by worrying what to eat, how to earn

money, how to finish a work before its deadline, how to pass their job interview, etc.

Anxiety is among the second most common psychiatric disorders among children,

adolescents and adults. Anxiety disorders are characterized by distorted beliefs about the

dangerousness of certain situations and/or internal stimuli. (Clark, 1999)
Anxiety disorders can have a significant effect on a person's mood, self-esteem, and

quality of life. Many people with mild anxiety can still work, study, and have healthy

relationships, but this is harder for people with moderate or severe anxiety. Anxiety  may

restrict what people do and when they do it. Many people become worried that they can’t

control their anxiety, and may become worried that they will become lonely, or


According to eCentreClinic.org, there are five types of anxiety disorders which are

the Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Social Anxiety disorder, Panic Disorder, Post-

traumatic Stress Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

2 K.L. Ariola English 1 – 1 RTA

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

One of the most common type of anxiety disorder is called Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). GAD is recognized when one experiences excessive worry, tension, and anxious feelings on a daily basis. GAD can be considered primary or secondary depending on the onset. If GAD occurs early in life without any other diagnoses, then it is considered primary. However if GAD develops later in life and there are other disorders present, it is considered secondary in nature. (Goodman & Fuller, 2009)

Common symptoms of GAD is one may experience constant worrying or obsession about small or large concerns, restlessness and feeling keyed up or on edge fatigue, difficulty concentrating or mind “going blank”, irritability, muscle tension or muscle aches, trembling; feeling twitchy or being easily startled, trouble sleeping, sweating, nausea or diarrhea and shortness of breath or rapid breathing. (“Generalized Anxiety Disorder”, 2011)

3 K.L. Ariola English 1 – 1 RTA

Social Phobia or Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)

Social Anxiety Disorder, also known as Social Phobia, is an intense fear of becoming extremely anxious and possibly humiliated in social situations—specifically of embarrassing yourself in front of other people. (Grohol, 2013)

Social anxiety disorder affects your emotions and behavior. It can also cause significant physical symptoms. Emotional and behavioral symptoms of SAD includes intense fear of interacting with strangers, fear of situations in which you may be judged, worrying about embarrassing or humiliating yourself, fear that others will notice that you are anxious, anxiety disrupts your daily routine, work, school or other activities; avoiding doing things or speaking to people out of fear of embarrassment, avoiding situations where you might be the center of attention, difficulty making eye contact and difficulty talking. Physical symptoms of SAD includes blushing, sweating, trembling or shaking,...

Cited: Clark, D.M.(1999). “Anxiety Disorders: Why they persist and how to treat them”. P.1
Behavior Research and Theraphy.
“Generalized Anxiety Disorder” Symptoms. September 8, 2011. Mayo Clinic
St. Louis, Missouri: Saunders Elsevier, 2009 “Generalized Anxiety Disorder”
Physiopedia http://physio-pedia.com/Generalized_Anxiety_Disorder
Grohol, J.M., Psy. D (2013) “Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia) Symptom”
PsychCentral Http://psychcentral.com/disorders/social-anxiety-disorder-social-
50 [16]. Wortman, C.B. Loftus, E., Marshall, M.(1992) Psychology (4th ed) p. 494
Psychiatric Association. 1994. WWW.aidset.org/aidset?page=cg-806_panic
“Social Anxiety Disorders”
health/social-anxiety-disorder/DS00595/DSECTION=symptoms. 2011
Wilson, J.F
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