The 16 Personality Types That Determine How
We Live, Love, and Work
by Otto Kroeger and Janet M. Thuesen
Dell Publishing, October, 1989
Type Talk is a primer on personality preference typing centered on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator ("MBTI"). The MBTI is a widely-used "test" that helps a person begin to understand why people perceive situations differently, communicate different from others, and opt for different activities.
The book's authors, Otto Kroeger and Janet Thuesen, husband and wife, have long been in the forefront of adapting the MBTI for use in everyday life and coined the phrase "Typewatching" as a descriptor for their work.
Kroeger and Thuesen open the book with a chapter on "name-calling". They use this phrase, not in the derogatory sense as is often the case, but to show that name-calling is used by everyone as a means of "cataloging people" based on their unique, identifying characteristics. If we're to do this inevitable "name-calling" the authors believe it should be done in an objective and constructive manner and when elevated to this higher level it becomes "Typewatching"
In the early 1920's the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung developed a theory of personality types where he said behavioral differences were "a result of preferences related to the basic functions our personalities perform throughout life" (p. 8). Jung's theory was published in his book titled Personality Types in 1923.
Meanwhile, earlier in the century, Katherine Briggs was researching human behavior and through her observations had developed a way to describe it that due to different life styles, people approach life differently. When Briggs read Jung's work she found it to be very similar to her own work and set hers aside to focus on Jung's. Shortly thereafter, Briggs' daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers became involved and the mother-daughter team sought to assimilate their work with that of Jung. In the 1940's Myers created an inventory...
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