Type of Qulitative Research

Topics: Qualitative research, Scientific method, Case study Pages: 5 (1411 words) Published: May 12, 2014
Type of Qualitative Research
Barbara Stein
University of Phoenix

Week 2 Type of Qualitative Research

Introduction

Qualitative research is about assessment and generation of theory information, elucidation of research and the advancement of that data to the appropriate conclusions. Qualitative research may rely on multiple modes of data and investigation of people in particular situations, in their expected environment. Basic components of qualitative research essential for understanding are interpretation from the participants’ point of view and interpretation from the participants’ subjective perspectives. The role of an objective outsider is just as important for the correct analysis. The three methods of qualitative research that I have chosen are phenomenological, case study, and grounded theory. Phenomenological Research

The phenomenological qualitative research process is when the researcher endeavors to understand and illustrate how one or more contributors experience a phenomenon. According to Creswell (2009), the phenomenon is a lived experience and the researcher attempts to gain access to the contributor’s subjective experience. The type of question for phenomenological research would be about the experience, and the question would be open-ended so that the question can lead to further inquiry. A designed form of the questionnaire as noted by Hopwood (2004), written by the researcher and may be used in a number of applied ranges of circumstances. Hopwood (2004) reported that semi-structured interviews to be used in multiple-method case study which will establish reliability. Validity of account would be used in this kind of method example. Triangulation across time and response formats will add reliability. Ethnographic research of the qualitative process focuses on the discovery and description of the culture of a group of people and a cultural event. The shared beliefs, practices, and values a group uses to understand the world they live in. Norms of the culture are unwritten rules relative to group behavior. And, according to Christensen, Johnson, and Turner (2010), emic perspective is the insider’s viewpoint and etic view is the objective outsider’s opinion and viewpoint. Christensen et al. (2010) posit that data collection and analysis is accomplished by in-depth interviews, and open-ended questions. Significant statements from the interviews are extracted and organized into themes. The report writing for phenomenological qualitative research process design is written in a narrative form, and includes details and descriptions of the contributors in the study. This is the time for validity member checking where the researcher requests the contributors of the significant statements in the summary are accurate and truthfully represent the information they provided as reported by Groenwald (2004).

Case Study Research
Case study qualitative research design process is characterized by the intensity and detailed explanation of the information. A case study is a bounded system (person, or group) which refers to a holistic process which endorses interrelationships among the elements encompassing the situation. The primary question in the instance of a case study of qualitative research process design is “What are the characteristics of this single case or of these comparison cases”, as indicated by Christiansen et al. (2010). The problem that the researcher is focusing on is similar to therapy for abused children as reported by Murphy (2009), another example is given by Shepherd and Edelmann (2007) the test of the self-medication hypothesis for patients encountering social phobias. The sample size for the case study method is many sources as well as various methods of data collection. The forms of data collection could be questionnaires, test results, archival records, in-depth interviews, and documents. Christensen et al. (2010) states, “Contextual and life history data are also collected...

References: Babchuk, W. A. (2011). Grounded theory as a “family of methods”: A genealogical analysis to
guide research
Burck, C. (2005). Comparing qualitative research methodologies for systemic research: the use
of grounded theory, discourse analysis and narrative analysis
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.
Groenewald, T. (2004). A phenomenological research design illustrated: International Journal of
Qualitative Methods, vol
Hopwood, N. (2004). Research design and methods of data collection and analysis: researching students ' conceptions in a multiple-method case study. Journal Of Geography In Higher
Education, 28(2), 347-353
Murphy, D. (2009). Client-centered therapy for severe childhood abuse: A case study. Counseling & Psychotherapy Research, 9(1), 3-10.
Neuman, W
Yin, R. K. (2008). Case study research: Design and methods (Vol. 5). SAGE Publications,
Incorporated.
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