Type 2 Diabetes
Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Obesity, Blood sugar, Insulin / Pages: 7 (1605 words) / Published: Oct 31st, 2013

Report by Lauren Carruthers
A report to discuss the link between ethnicity and obesity rates in relation to Type 2 Diabetes primarily in South Auckland.
In this report I will find out whether the diverse ethnicities of South Auckland residents have any affect on Diabetes rates. I chose this question because I am interested in whether someone’s race can determine his or her risk of chronic disease. I also think this issue is important because South Auckland is so ethnically diverse that we need to know if race plays a part in obesity and diabetes risks. My report will focus on 3 main areas of research, which are what is Type 2 Diabetes, what causes insulin resistance and what impact does ethnicity have on your likelihood of developing obesity/diabetes.

Blood Glucose Levels
Your blood Glucose Level is the amount of sugar present in your bloodstream and these levels are naturally regulated by a metabolic homeostasis. A healthy person’s blood levels should be around 5.5 mmol/L however it does vary depending on when you eat. Glucose is one of the main sources of energy for the body so it is quite important that it remains at a healthy level. High blood sugar is referred to as Hyperglycemia and low is Hypoglycemia. Hyperglycemia can lead to diabetes

Biology of Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus or Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases when a person has too much glucose in their bloodstream either because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or the cells do not respond to the insulin that is released, which is referred to as Insulin Resistance. There are 3 types of Diabetes:
Type 1 is the body failing to produce insulin therefore people with it have to inject insulin. This type is inherited and is not brought on by lifestyle. It was originally called Juvenile Diabetes because a majority of cases were children.
Type 2 is the most common and is when your cells are resistant to the insulin that is produced. This is caused by bad lifestyles choices and

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