Two possible solutions for low life expectancy in developing countries

Topics: Poverty, Life expectancy, Medicine Pages: 5 (1439 words) Published: February 16, 2014

Essay Plan
Definition of low life expectancy
Explain what causes people die at young age such as malnutrition, lack of education and poor health care system. Increasing number of low life expectancy in developing countries Main problems and consequences in third world

Possible solutions: Educate people from developing countries, improve health services and provide nutritional food. Main body
Factor 1= malnutrition
Shortage of food as population is bigger and bigger these days which unbalance between the demand and supply of food Disaster such as drought, flood causes unable to grow crops and vegetables in certain area of the world. Aids go the wrong people. Even though those developing countries usually get aids from international countries, some people exploit aids from poor people.

Factor 2= Lack of education
Low level of female schooling (John C. Caldwell 1986 )
Limited access to the employment in outside which is highly unlikely to get a job People do not have general knowledge to take care of themselves and prevent from contagious diseases. As women do not understand child care, child mortality rate is significantly high

Factor 3= Poor health care system
Government do not have enough fund to support health equipment and medicine to hospitals or health care center Lack of safe drinking water which contributes diseases such as malaria, diarrheal diseases and respiratory infections (Mahfuz Kabir 2008 ) Early child birth lead to low life expectancy

People do not have basic need as sanitary care ( Jeremy Lawrence 2007 ) Solution 1
Expand food production to overcome hunger
Try to stop corruption and mismanagement
Social status- narrow down the gap between the rich and poor. (Jeremy Lawrence 2007) International aids
Solution 2
Allow female to attend school which will reduce child mortality Education create employment
Rises people health awareness and social well-being
Educate citizens how to protect from contagious diseases
Solution 3
Commitment to good governance
Provide basic needs as food to eat, clothes to wear, clean water and good sanitation Understand correlation between education and low life expectancy Nations need to purchase goods and services that promote health.(Mahfuz Kabir 2008)

Two possible solutions to low life expectancy in developing world

Life expectancy for individuals mainly depends on overall country economy, infrastructure, urbanization and rural development which are necessary in every part of the world. Nowadays, people in developing countries die at a young age due to malnutrition, lack of education and poor health care system. According to John C. Caldwell 1986, average life expectancy dropped to 67 years in China, 69 years in Sri Lanka and India of 67 years. Clearly, it is highly likely that basic needs such as food, clean water, sanitation and clothes are not enough in third world. Furthermore, social status also contributes to low life expectancy as the gap between the poor and the rich grows bigger than the past (Jeremy Lawrence, 2007). To tackle these problems, educating people in third world, government official need to improve health services and more importantly to provide nutritional food. Main Body

First and foremost, one of the major problems that cause low life expectancy is malnutrition as world population is expanding everywhere and the demand and supply of food is not balance. Moreover, disasters such as drought, flood, and famine cause unable to grow crops and vegetables in certain areas of the world. Another factor is aids go to the wrong people. Although developing countries get help from developed countries, authorities exploit from those poor people. People are suffering from hunger and poverty which is resulting in individual's low life expectancy. Shortage of food is not only the reason that lead to low life expectancy. Lack of education is also the main factor as people do not know how to keep fit...

References: Caldwell, J.C (1986) Population and development review [electronic version] Routes to low mortality in poor countries 12(2), pp171-220.
Fletcher C, Matthews B (2011), Skills for study level 1, 21-23
Kabir, M (2008) The journal of developing area [electronic version] Determinants of life expectancy in developing countries 41(2), pp185-204
Lawrence, J(2007) Thirty years: difference in life expectancy between the world 's rich and poor peoples, Retrieved 10/11/2013, From:
Manson, B(2004) World Health Report: Life expectancy falls in poorest countries Retrieved 11/10/2013 From:
Sachs. J(2005) The end of poverty : how we can make it happen in our lifetime, London, UK : Penguin Publishing.
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