English 905, 9:20 AM
March 26th, 2013
Cowboys are a legendary in western. The image of cowboys has appeared in many films and books, and the image was always associated with Cattle Dive which is a traditional activity of cowboys. Cattle Drive was an important activity in Western since its profit is an important source of Western people. In this essay, I will define the Cattle Drive, and its history and movement also. Cattle drive is a process of moving a herd of cattle from one place to another, and it usually is controlled by cowboys. Cattle drives were economics activities because Texans want to sell their cattle to better markets for better price. As historian J. H. Atkinson notes, “A cow that sold for fifty dollars in the gold fields could be purchased back in Arkansas for usually five dollars,” Because Eastern markets pay the low price, Texans decided to toward their cattle from Texas to the Western whose markets will pay more for their cows. For example, cattle will be paid five to twenty times in San Francisco while it worth $5 to $10 in Texas. During 1840s and 1850s, Texans found some better markets in St. Louis, so they begin their driven to Missouri by following the Shawnee Trail. Many Texas cattle were driven over this trail until the Civil War. After Civil War, the Texans again continued their driven over the trail since the good markets were in the Eastern only. However, the drovers were stopped by the Missourians because the Texans’ cattle contained fever. Therefore, Texans had to find other markets for their cattle, and they found some good markets in Abilene, Kansas, and they began to go to Abilene. In 1886 the Kansas legislature barred all Texas cattle drives, so the trail was ended. The cattle drives usually begin in the spring because the cattle can eat the new grass. In addition, going in the spring can help the drives avoid the flooded rivers because the streams and rivers will be shallow and...
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