DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
SOSYAL BİLİMLER ENSTİTÜSÜ
DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
CURRENT ISSUES IN TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY
Term Paper: Turkish-Somalia Relations: A focus on Turkish role in Somalia post-war reconstruction BY
MAKANJUOLA RASAQ OLADIMEJI
Prof. Dr. Müge Aknur
Table of Contents
Foreign Policy Analysis
Somalia: a brief history
Turkish-Somalia Relations: Historical background
Turkey’s Role in Somalia Post-War Reconstruction
The growing influence of Turkey as an emerging power in international relations has become scholarly discussion in the recent. Turkey has been using its geographical blessing to the benefit of itself and as well to global peace through its peace activities in the Middle East, Caucasian, Asia and African continent and as well through many EU and UN Peace Operations. In an ambiguous situation and contemporary dynamic international system, the present administration in Turkey under the leadership of PM Erdoğan and the enterprising Foreign Affairs Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu has been able to take decision and shape Turkish foreign policy. Turkey’s relation with African countries has been well received in the African continent and this can be noted in the ‘observer status’ given to it by the African Union (AU) in 2005. The rest of the international community has continued to hail Turkey’s courageous intervention in Somalia’s theatre of conflict. Perhaps due to many unsuccessful peaceful initiatives that has been taken so far by the international community in solving the Somalia conflict. For two decade the Somalis have been at war and the war took new dimension in 1991 when the Siyad Barre government disintegrate. This created a power vacuum and gave rise to different armed groups to flourish and for many years central government was lacking in the country. This led to many foreign countries including Turkey to close their diplomatic mission in the Mogadishu in 1992 and recalled their ambassador for security reasons. The humanitarian service had to be conducted from neighbouring countries like Kenya through a third party due to lack of security in the country. Thus, humanitarian incentives tend to suffer when it landed in the hands of the opposition groups. Even the UN/AU Peacekeeper Operation in Somalia was restricted to the Presidential villa. Somalia's pleas for help from other countries went unanswered and they eventually lost their fight. The lack of any permanent diplomatic and humanitarian presence in Somalia has led to the thinking of Somalians that the US and the international community as a whole have left them to their fate. Even when sometime foreign government turns their attention to Somalia, they feel it is to protect their own interest, as in the case of illegal activities of the pirate on the Somalia Sea which generate international attention. The timing humanitarian intervention of Turkey in Somalia has been lauded both in Somali and the international community. Following the drought/famine that hit Somalia in 2010, Turkey became the first country to take a proactive step in the Somalia after many decades of war. Turkey in the face of fragmented groups in Somalia was able to identify the true Transnational Federal Government (TFG) to work with and help in the reconstruction process of Somalia’s political and economical institutions. Prime Minister Tayyip Erdoğan’s historical visit to the country in 2011 warm the hearth and mind of the Somalis. However the question is why Somalia and Why not Nigeria or even South Africa? Critics have started questioning the real intention of Turkey in Somalia. Most of the articles...
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