Topics: Meaning of life, Rage, Anger Pages: 16 (3015 words) Published: December 3, 2013
Secondary 1

Name: ____________________________________ Class Code: ______________ Date: __________

In an exposition / discussion type of essay, you present or discuss a particular topic. This may involve one or more of the following.
1) An Open Discussion - You are given a topic to write.
E.g. Childhood
2) A Listing Essay
E.g. Why football is such a popular sport. (List - reasons)
Five things I love the most
(List – things you love)
3) A Discussion of Both Sides of an Issue
E.g. What are the advantages and disadvantages of caning as a form of punishment? Discuss the merits and demerits of watching television.
4) Arguing for a Particular Point of View (Argumentative Writing) E.g. Should examinations be abolished?
Teenage years are the worst time of one’s life. Do you agree? I) Structure / Organisation
Introduce the topic E.g.: give a personal comment / share personal experience, state facts or quote relevant examples
State your point of view / opinion
State your approach to the essay (optional)

-1Secondary 1
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A few paragraphs - One main idea (sometimes two related ideas) is discussed in each paragraph.
Sum up your discussion
II) Topic Sentences

When writing an expository essay, you must have a topic sentence in each paragraph (excluding the introduction and conclusion).
The topic sentence captures the main point / idea in a paragraph. It is usually placed in the beginning of the paragraph.

Underline the topic sentences in each example below.



Q) Why football is such a popular sport?

Furthermore, the rules of the game are easy to understand. Yellow and red cards are given out for foul play like pushing, kicking, elbowing and other forms of physical violence. A yellow card serves as the first warning while a red card calls for the player to be sent off the field. With such simple rules, it is easy to understand why so many people love and appreciate the game.

In today’s lesson, we will examine the second form of exposition; that is, a listing essay. Read the model essay on the next page.

-2Secondary 1
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Read the following essay, note the comments on the right column and underline the topic sentences in paragraphs 2, 3 & 4.
Expository Essay: A Model


What qualities should a great leader possess?
Abraham Lincoln, Mahatma Gandhi and Mother Theresa are some
examples of great leaders the world has seen. However, unfortunately not all who are appointed to leadership possess the necessary qualities of a great leader. History has given us both famous and infamous leaders. A great leader should possess the qualities that enable him to make the right decisions and influence others to go by these decisions.

Introduce the
topic with
Writer’s point of
view in short

The most obvious thing which sets a leader apart from his followers is that he has a vision and is able to make sound plans for others to follow. 1st quality: Mr Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore’s first Prime Minister is a good example of one Vision who has supreme vision and foresight. Under his remarkable leadership, Singapore was transformed from a small trading centre to a strong developed nation within a short span of 30 years. His leadership has inspired Singaporeans to share the same vision in nation-building. Another important quality of a great leader is wisdom - which transcends knowledge - the ability to the right thing at the right time. The best leaders are not just the ones who possess head knowledge, but the ones who understand the complexities of things and the intricacies of human beings. A great leader therefore is able to empathise with his people and work well with them. Not one who simply orders people around, but one who makes effort to understand others’ difficulties and perspectives, and...
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