During the Cold War, most U.S. presidents came up with policies also known as “doctrines” to help remember who stood for what. In this report I will be summarizing a situation that required U.S. diplomatic efforts during President Harry Truman time; explicate the diplomatic doctrine the president followed; describing the effects of this diplomatic efforts for the U.S. and other countries; assess the advantages and disadvantages of the particular doctrine that followed.
In February 1947, the British government informed the United States that it could no longer furnish the economic and military assistance it had been providing to Greece and Turkey since the end of WWII. The Truman administration believed that both nations were threatened by communism and it jumped at the chance to take a tough stand against the Soviet Union. In Greece, force has been battling the Greek royal government since the end of WWII. In Turkey, the Soviets were demanding some manner of control over the Dardanelles, territory from which Turkey was able to dominate the strategies waterways from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean.
On March 12, 1947 Truman appear before a group of Congress to make his case. He declared the world faced a chance in the years to come. Nations could adapt a way of life “based upon the will of the majority” and minority forcibly imposed upon the majority.” He proposed the Truman Doctrine which provided political, military, and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces. It effectively reoriented U.S. foreign policy, away from its usual standpoint of withdrawal from regional conflicts not directly involving the U.S., to one of possible intervention in far away conflicts.
He began by outlining the situation in Greece and Turkey, “Assistance is imperative if Greece is to survive as a free nation, they must have assistance if it is to become a self-sufficient and self-respecting
References: www.historylearningsite.co.uk › Modern World History › The Cold War IR: THE NEW WORLD OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS textbook, 2010 Ed, Roskin/Berry http://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/TrumanDoctrine