The Truman Show is about deceiving appearances, absolute control, and the search for truth, which are all major themes in philosophy. The film is remarkably similar to Plato’s allegory of the cave. In his allegory of the cave, Plato asks the reader to imagine humans living in a dark cave, chained so they can only look directly at the cave wall. Behind them is a fire that casts shadows on that wall. Between the prisoners and the fire is a path on which people are carrying various artifacts in different shapes. These artifacts cast shadows on the wall. The prisoners, since all they can see are the shadows, accept these shadows as the actual objects. The shadows are the only truth they know. Plato then asks us to imagine what would happen if one of the prisoners were to be set free. He hypothesizes that a freed prisoner would be look toward the light and be dazzled and overwhelmed. Plato also believes it would be a strange and painful journey from the darkness of the ignorance in the cave to the light of enlightenment.
In the Truman Show, Truman grows up in a world that is entirely fictional lifestyle. Truman believes he is living a life of any average person in his age; this life is only plausible to him based on his knowledge. Truman’s life is a form of entertainment, and he is being filmed 24/7 without even knowing it, until later in the film. Truman is totally unaware that everything he does is recorded and broadcasted around the world for everybody to see. His whole life is being controlled, from conversations with his friends to the weather, in his so called life is being controlled. Truman is metaphorically in the cave chained up in the cave seeing shadows and believing they are true. Everybody involved in Truman’s life are actors not really people he knows. These people he believes are his friends and family are the shadows he sees on the cave walls. Christof, who is walking along the path in front of the fire. Christof is the...
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