Truman's Decision About Dropping Atomic Bomb

Topics: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, World War II, Surrender of Japan Pages: 3 (1100 words) Published: November 11, 2008
Pearl Harbor was deliberately attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941. Reports indicate that 2400 people were killed and 1300 were wounded. [1-ap] The reason Japan bombed Pearl Harbor was because that was where all of the U.S. Navy ships were positioned. The Americans went on the offensive against the Japanese in the Pacific in mid-1942. The United States dropped the first atomic bomb on, a medium-sized Japanese city, Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. The second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. President Truman’s decision of dropping the atomic bombs was absolutely necessary since it saved lives of millions of the Americans and the Japanese as well. This attack on Pearl Harbor was just an example of what could have happened if the war had continued. If the war had continued, another attack on U.S. soil could have taken place. This could have turned the 6,000 dead American civilians into 9,000 dead civilians.[2-cyber] That number could have kept rising until the war was over. The bomb needed to be dropped to stop the war. Truman was also suggested an option of invading Japan. Military planners figured the invasion of Kyushu alone would take between 31,000 and 50,000 US casualties in the first thirty days and that the combined US losses from Operations Coronet and Olympic would exceed 500,000. [3-enola] President Truman believed that, unless he used the atomic bomb, an invasion was necessary and that the casualties would be enormous. [4-enola] The numbers of casualties were far more compared to those after dropping the atomic bombs. Truman could not choose scarifying the Americans’ lives over the lives of the enemies who attacked Pearl Harbor. The Japanese were determined to make the invading Allied forces pay a terrible price even though Japan was almost dead after being bombarded from the sky and the naval blockade. The Japanese Cabinet extended the draft to cover most civilians, men and women. [5-enola] The defending force would have more than...
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