Leadership and Power is closely linked, people tend to follow those who are powerful and because others follow, the person with power leads. Leadership is the position and function of a leader, a leader is a person who has the ability to lead, guide or direct a group. Power is defined as the ability to produce effects on others and the potential to influence others.
Power base is the different forms of power that effect an individual’s leadership and success. The five power bases were identified by John French and Bertram Raven in 1959, the five bases of power are; Coercive, Reward, Legitimate, Referent, and Expert Power. 1. Legitimate – This comes from the belief that a person has the right to make demands, and expect compliance and obedience from others. This normally comes with a designated position. 2. Reward – This results from one person's ability to compensate another for compliance. Identifying and looking up to a powerful person that motivates people to conform to their wishes. 3. Expert – This stems from the ability to influence others because the position the individuals holds; being elected or appointed to expert control over a group. This is based on a person's superior skill and knowledge. This power is different from other forms of power because it emphasizes the power holder’s right to make demands with the expectation that the group member will obey. 4. Referent – This is the result of a person's perceived attractiveness, worthiness, and right to respect from others. This is the opposite of reward power, this power holds the ability to administer to administer a sense of personal acceptance or personal approval. This power is so strong enough that the power holder is often looked up to as a role model.