TRIBAL MEDICINAL PLANTS OF KAMBAKAM HILLS, EASTERN GHATS, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA
*S.K.M.BASHA, E. RAJYALAKSHMI, K.V.RAMI REDDY
*NBKR Medicinal Plant Research Centre, Vidyanagar – 524413, SPSR, A.P.
Kambakam is a Village in Varadaiahpalem Mandal, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh State. Kambakam is located 3.736 km distance from its Mandal Main Town Varadaiahpalem. Kambakam is 99.28 km far from its District Main City Chittoor.Kambakam is located to the North of Sricity in the Chittoor district. Coming under the Buchinaidu kandriga & Varadaiahpalem mandals the falls are located 80 km from Chennai and 35 km from Srikalahasti. The Kaambakam forest is also called as Sidduliah Kona. The relation to Lord Shiva ensures that the festival of Maha Shivaratri is a common time for people to visit. It consists of high degree of phyto diversity along with some highly valuable endemic and endangered species. The forest is deciduous type but mixed with some ever green elements. It is a source of non-wood forest products (NWFP) like fiber, fuel, wood, gum, resin, vegetable, dyes, oil, honey, medicinal plants, bamboo, etc. Key words: Ethnobotany; Andhra Pradesh; Kambakam Hills.
Ethnic people are confined to definite geographical areas and speak common dialect, are culturally homogenous and evince a unifying social organization. They mostly live in the forest areas, hills tops, plateaus and naturally in isolated regions. Kambakam area is inhabited by a number of tribes like Yanadis, Nakkalas, Irulas, Yerukulas, Dommara, Vaddera, Sugalis and Chenchus. But, Yanadi community predominates with about 80% population of the ethnic communities. Yanadis are characterized by dark complexion,, short stature, platyrrline nose, long head, prominent chin, thick lips and scanty hair both on head and body (Thurston, 1975). Being in the Eastern Ghats, these tribes depend on Non-Timber Forest Products largely for their livelihood. The need for the integration of local indigenous knowledge for a sustainable management and conservation of natural resources receives more and more recognition (Posey, 1992). Moreover, an increased emphasis is being placed on possible economic benefits especially of the medicinal use of tropical forest products instead of pure timber harvesting (Pimbert and Pretty, 1995). Tribal medicine of Chittoor district in general was studied by Vedavathy et al. (1997). However, there is no specific study on the ethnobotany of Kambakam region despite the fact that the phytoresources of the region has great potentiality for non-timber forest products communities. Hence, in the present paper an attempt has been made to document the phytoresources used by local ethnic tribes. This place has a water madugu, which is a natural spring and water falls with picturesque panorama through out the year.
Kambakam is located to the North of Sricity in the Chittoor district. Coming under the Buchinaidu kandriga & Varadaiahpalem mandals the falls are located 80 km from Chennai and 35 km from Srikalahasti. It is a resort well endowed with waterfalls, dense forests and wildlife. This area has rich variety of flora and fauna.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Ethanobotanical survey was carried out in Kambakam forest area during the year 2009-2010. For the field work, the method adopted by Schults (1962), Jain (1981), and Lipp (1989) was followed. The Yanadis who are residing in and around Kambakam were interviewed with a prepared questionnaire. Enquiries were made on the food habits, occupation, beliefs, rituals, ceremonies, traditions and customs along with ethnobotanical information. The data were recorded in the field note book and later it was analyzed with the help of experts. Specimens were identified with the help of the Floras (Gamble and Fischer, 1915-1935, Ellis, 1987) and finally confirmed at MH (Southern Circle, BSI, Coimbatore). The voucher specimens are deposited in...
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