Title-Growing Educated Citizenry of Tribal Community in Himachal Pradesh- A Panacea for Human Resource Development
**Dr. Jai Singh Parmar
*Assistant Professor, Manav Bharti University, SOLAN, H.P. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, Mob.-9418246110
Postal Address: c/o Shezeb Khan, Khan Building, Near Jwala Mata Mandir, Thodo Ground, Solan, H.P. Pin 173212
**Dr. Jai Singh Parmar
**Associate Professor, Himachal Pradesh University Business School, Summer Hill, SHIMLA-171005, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Mob.-9418160845
Postal Address: Himachal Pradesh University Business School, Summer Hill, SHIMLA-171005,
Growing Educated Citizenry of Tribal Community in Himachal Pradesh- A Panacea for Human Resource Development
**Dr. Jai Singh Parmar
Education is a critical input in human resource development and is essential for the country’s economic growth. Though the major indicators of socio-economic development viz., the growth rate of the economy, birth rate, death rate, infant mortality rate and literacy rate, are all interconnected. The literacy rate has been the major determinant of the rise or fall in all other indicators. Education is a tool of transmission of culture, accumulated knowledge and experience of a society. It is also the tool for economic betterment and societal change. Within a developing country, the great divide seems to between the rich and the poor. The need for tribal development in India hardly needs any justification. Their primitive way of life, economic and social backwardness, low level of literacy, hackneyed system of production, sparse physical infrastructure in backward tribal areas and demographic quality of tribal areas coupled together make it imperative for a systematic process of development of tribal and tribal areas. The socio-economic development of Scheduled Tribes depends on learning and educational advancement. Education is more than a mere asset for some tribal communities hence, investment in education is, in a way, crucial for their existence. Continued economic exploitation has brought them to a state of helplessness exemplified by migrant labor, debt bondage, etc. A medium of education will equip them to deal with middlemen, merchants and traders on a better footing. Their inability to cope with the many novel forces impinging nowadays on tribal villages and on an economy which had remained virtually unchanged for centuries is by no means due to any innate lack of intelligence. Education is the most effective instrument for ensuring equality of opportunity. Keeping in view of this assumption, the government has been making several efforts towards their education by extending special educational facilities and reservation of seat in educational institutions as per the provisions of the constitution of India. But the development of education is one of the important problems in the case of tribal in India. Through this paper, an effort has been made to explore the factors affecting the education of tribal students. Further, in this study an attempt has been made to find out the impact of formal education on the development of tribal people of Himachal Pradesh.
___________________________________________________________________________ *Assistant Professor, Manav Bharti University, SOLAN, H.P. E-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, Mob.-9418246110 **Associate Professor, Himachal Pradesh University Business School, Summer Hill, SHIMLA-171005, E-mail: email@example.com, Mob.-9418160845
The Development of Nation is not measured through the buildings it has built, the roads it has laid down, the bridges it has constructed and the like but by the human resources the nation has...
References: Alexander, J.M. (2003), “Inequality, Poverty and Affirmative Action: Contemporary Trends in India”, Paper prepared for the WIDER conference, Inequality, Poverty and Human Well-Being, 30-31 May, 2003, United Nations University, Helsinki, Finland.
Coombs, P. (1973), “New Paths to Learning for Rural Children and Youth”, New York, NY: International Council for Educational Development, p. 11.
De, A., Majumdar, M., Noronha, C. and Samson, M. (2002), “Primary Education in Himachal Pradesh: Examining a Success Story” in Govinda, R. (ed.), India Education Report: A Profile of Basic Education. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Dua, H.K.. "Educational updates- Himachal", The Tribune Trust, 2006, The Tribune House., http://www.tribuneindia.com/2003/20030629/himachal.htm, Retrieved 2012-05-12.
“Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh (2007)", General Overview of Education in Himachal, http://www.himachaleducation.net/educationprofile/ Retrieved 2012-05-03.
Kokate, C.N. and Solunke, R. S.(2011), “The Tribal Development in Maharashtra – A Case Study”, International Referred Research Journal, February, VOL-I ,No. 17, pp.69-71.
Kumar, M.M.(1996), “Social Sector and Development”, The Indian Economic Association, 77th Annual Conference Volume, Gwalior, pp.272-273.
Mahipal,B.(2010),“Tribal Education in India” http://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/india/tribal-education-india Retrieved on 2012-05-01.
Malyadi, P.(2012), “Education for tribal children: An engine for Human Development”, International Journal of Research Studies in Education, Jan., Vol. 1 No.1, pp. 99-106
National Portal Content Management Team (2011), “Education Of Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes” http://india.gov.in/sectors/education/edu_scheduled_castes.php Retrieved on 2012-05-02.
Sujatha, K.(1999), “Education of Indian Schedule Tribes-A Study of Community Schools in district of Andhra Pradesh”, Working Document of International Institute of Education Planning,NIPEA, p.11.
Tilak, J.B.G. (2002), “Determinants of Household Expenditure on Education in Rural India” National Council of Applied Economic Research Working Paper Series No. 88. Delhi: NCAER.
Vaid, P.K. et. al(2011) , “Policies and Programmes for Tribal Development in Himachal Pradesh”, Himachal Pradesh University Journal, July, pp.1-9.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document