The human resource management arena incorporates several functional areas. Staffing, Total Rewards, Employee Relations, and Safety are the functional areas in which Human Resource (HR) professionals look to improve the workforce. Staffing provides a sufficient supply of qualified individuals to fill jobs in an organization. Staffing also defines personnel needs, recruits applicants and screens interviewees. Some function of staffing may include generating job postings, determining where to announce open positions, tracking candidate flow numbers, conducting interviews, and managing and interpreting skill assessmentsCITATION Hol12 \l 1033 (Holley, Jennings, Wolters, Mathis, & Jackson, 2012).
Total Rewards is compensation in the form of pay incentives and benefits that reward employees for performing their individual task (Holley et al., 2012). This characteristic allows an organization to motivate, attract and retain employees. A company can obtain a competitive advantage by utilizing a comprehensive rewards strategy that includes compensation, benefits, work-life, performance and recognition, development and career opportunities. As health care costs continue to rise and become a major issue, organizations can use benefits such as health care packages to attract and retain employees (Holley et al., 2012).
Employee Relations is a tool used to establish a relationship between managers and their employees that looks to avoid legal issues and adequately address the employer and employee rights. This focus is on maintaining encouraging relations between the organization and associates of its workforce. Employee relations must discuss the importance of developing, communicating and updating HR policies to inform both managers and employees in the organization (Holley et al., 2012).
Safety in the workplace has come far in the past employers would ask employees to commit unsafe acts in the
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