Topics: F. Sionil José, The Rosales Saga Pages: 5 (1955 words) Published: August 27, 2013
Name: Karen Ann F. YapLiterature
Course & Section:BSP 201AOctober 7, 2010
The Different Customs and Moral Principles of the Filipino Nation Reading books has many benefits both mentally and morally. Firstly, your mind will be active and engaged into old age, and reading can help you forget the problems in your life, and get you captivated by the adventures of someone else or by the author itself. Reading is a fun and great way to leave the stresses of your life and just unwind. Through reading it can also improve one’s skill and strategy use, builds fluency, enlarges vocabulary, and builds knowledge of the world. And so we are given a task to read Filipino fiction books. There is a range of choice of books that were given to us and I choose the book of F. Sionil Jose, entitled Tree. Francisco Sionil Jose or simply known as F. Sionil Jose, he is one of the most prominent authors of literary books in the Philippines; he created a lot of books that tackled the different issues such as domination, deliverance, compassion, social prejudice and so on. F. Sionil Jose has been called a Philippine national treasure too. He was born on December 3, 1924 in Rosales, Philippines. He was introduced to literature in public school and later at the University of Santo Tomas. While working as a journalist in Manila, he began his interest in writing short stories and eventually novels. One of the books that he created which is known as the Rosales novels that earned several awards like the 1980 Ramon Magsaysay Award, 2001 National Artist Award for Literature and the 2004 Pablo Neruda Centennial Award is the book entitled Tree. According to Sionil Jose, as stated at the back of his book, “Tree is a story of a boy growing up in a small Ilokano town, surrounded by friends below his social class, by relatives and doting servants who have served his family all their lives. It is also a story of oppression and compassion”(Jose, F.S., 1978). Tree is one of his few masterpieces’ in which I have the chance to read and I assume that this book was written based from the author’s experience since it is written in the first person point of view. I decided to use the social and the moral-philosophical approach in discussing the story. Tree is a story that tackles about the different customs that are practiced by the Filipinos and it is also a narrative that teaches moral values. The story happened in a small town of Rosales in the province of Pangasinan, during the year 1900’s, the period of the American and Japanese colonization in the Philippines. The story revolves about a young boy who is growing up where in he is surrounded by his friends, family, servants who are all lower than his social status. The boy is growing up together with his father who is very prominent in their town because his father is working for a big person who is Don Vicente, a well-known land owner in Rosales. His father is known to be as an assistant of Don Vicente and he also has the authority to possess lands and persuade people as he pleases. The young boy grew up in a kind of life that everybody dreamed of. There is no need for him to work to have something to eat, to live; everything is well provided for him by his father. Even the young boy grew up together with his father with a life that is very comfortable; his relationship with his father is distant and remote. He only sees his father very often and they even talk little. Unfortunately, what he only has is his father, his mother died when she was giving birth (pg.9). And all that is left for him were the memories how people would describe how beautiful her mother is and stories from people about how his father had loved her mother so much. And so the young boy still thirsts for her mother’s presence and loving care. He even foolishly wishes to see her mother even she would be a pallid spirit. In some way, he feels proud whenever people would praise her mother however he still feels the sense of loss...
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