Topics: World population, Urban area, Stream Pages: 23 (3355 words) Published: October 19, 2014




1.1 Political and Cultural History/Ethnic Origin of the people:

The jungle clearing which grew to become what is now Sanchez Mira was then a hunting ground called (Malaqui; Distortion, Malolokit) of Kalinga. They were a nomadic tribe from the nearby province of Apayao. When the Spanish missionaries came, it became barrio Malolokit meaning “ Nagsisinaan”, town of Pamplona.

Because it was located at the tip of a productive elevated region, and because it was near the sea, settlers from Paoay, Ilocos Norte came here by sailboat in 1883 to farm, hunt and fish. They were the Negre, Mackay, Cacatian, Marzan and Paclibon families. Other immigrants followed but only after they heard of the easy life these settlers enjoyed within so short of time.

The present day inhabitants are also a conglomeration of natives, so with their occupation, distinct characteristics and outlook towards life. What makes them a bit different is their outward hospitality. Guests are usually served with “bannawag”(arak ti nipa wine), “kilawen” roasted chicken and barbeque fish. Their chief products are coffee, rice, lumber and coconuts.

The official founding of Sanchez Mira was August 20, 1894,a day after the fiesta of Malolokit, a barrio of Pamplona. The town was named in honor of Manuel Sanchez Mira, a Spanish Brigadier General assigned in the Cagayan Valley, upon a strong recommendation of Hilario Pulido and Fray Santiago Juglas.

Actually, Malolokit (Now Sanchez Mira) was declared a town by virtue of Royal Decree on September 14, 1894. For his civic spirit, Hilario Pulido was appointed gobernadorcillo. He effected many reforms in the newly created municipality, winning for him and his office the people’s esteem for General beautification of Sanchez Mira was also credited to him.

In 1895, he was succeeded by Flaviano Arjonillo whose administration was characterized by unrest because of the Philippine Revolution against America. Captain Catalino Pulido, son of Hilario Pulido, took over the reigns of the town government sometime in 1898. Among his achievements was the maintenance of peace and order because the people were still cold and unresponsive to the policies introduced by the newly arrived Americans. Also worthy in mentioning in this regard were the men who followed after Captain Catalino’s term. They were municipal presidents Vicent Aquino (1901), Cirilo Bangalan, Cesario Paclibon and Salustiano Pulido (1904). It was during the Pulido’s term that the town hall and church were burned. In spite of this unfortunate incidents, the town progressed steadily under him. Also the townspeople remembered him for his sound judgment.

Sometime in 1910, Don Paulo Galicia, an energetic administrator, had his term too. It was through his untiring efforts that all barrios under Sanchez Mira were raised a bit from the equaloe and filth they suffered since the early Spanish regime.

Another stand out leader was Don Esteban Negre, elected in the 1929 elections. His administration built a semi-concrete school building, which he dedicated on August 30, 1930. it was also through him that the monument of Dr. Jose Rizal was erected in the town plaza.

The rest of the towns leader who did their share for the towns people’s good are as follows: Antonio Cachapero, (1932); Esteban Cacatian (1935), Hipolito Valenzuela (1936); Juan Aragones (appointed military mayor by the late President Manuel Roxas on June 15, 1946). Don Cosme Marzan, ex- representative, was mayor when the war broke out on December 5, 1941.

Last but not the least was Mayor Ambrocio Abrina, another outstanding leader. During his term, the town saw the rise of a puericulture center and the digging of artesian wells.

Sanchez Mira was one of the first towns to be liberated after World War II. No incident of note place here during the Japanese occupation except for the...
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